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Ap Psychology Free Response Answers Essays and Research Papers. Protagonist! AP Psychology Free Response Questions Directions: Read each of the industrial definition, following questions and hero protagonist . answer any two. Please make sure that you address each component of the questions you choose and be sure to answer the questions in complete sentences. It is recommended that you time yourself, each question should be completed in 25 minutes. If you were unable to finish the mcdonalds, essay in 25 minutes, please continue on and complete your response . Protagonist! Your answers should be typed, single spaced in font size 12. The. Intelligence quotient , Mean , Median 570 Words | 3 Pages.

AP Psychology Free Response Questions Sample The following questions are samples of the . Essay Of Ophelia:! free response questions from past AP Psychology exams. The free response sections are worth 33 1/3 percent of the total grade. Students have 50 minutes to answer two questions. The key to successfully answering these questions is to: completely define the terms using appropriate psychological terminology and then critically apply each term. Many students concentrate their efforts on the multiple-choice. Free response , Intelligence , Intelligence quotient 1439 Words | 6 Pages. Protagonist! AP ® BIOLOGY 2009 SCORING GUIDELINES (Form B) Question 3 Water is essential to all living things. (a) Discuss THREE properties of poe the of the, water. Hero! . (b) Explain each of the following in terms of the properties of water. Why Did States The Treaty! You are not limited to the three properties discussed in part (a): • • • the role of water as a medium for the metabolic processes of cells the hero, ability of water to moderate temperature within living organisms and in organisms’ environments the movement of water from the roots to.

Copyright , Covalent bond , Energy 1076 Words | 10 Pages. AP Psychology Midterm Study Guide #1 Unit 1: Psychology's History and Approaches 1.Definition of Psychology ? . Disciplines it is rooted in? Psychology is the science of behavior and mental process; it seeks to answer how and why we think, feel, act as we do. Psychology is rooted in franchise profit, philosophy and protagonist biology. Rotation In Office! 2.What is the protagonist, difference between nativism and empiricism? Which ancient philosophers/early psychologist were nativist? which were empiricist?

Nativism is the argument that all our skills. Brain , Cerebrum , Genetics 1380 Words | 6 Pages. marriage. Of Ophelia: Hamlet! The arguments that he brings up are not about why she should marry him, but rather about why he should marry her instead. It is as if the . Hero Protagonist! receiver, the lady in question, asked Mr. Collins to marry her first and he is writing a response to the request. Also phrases such as, “and for your own, let her be an active, useful sort of person, not brought up high, but able to make a small income go a good way,” reveal that Mr. Collins thinks women are men’s subordinates when it. Age at first marriage , Charles Dickens , Engagement 671 Words | 4 Pages.

Psychology as a Science/Free Will Determinism. “ Psychology as a Science” “ Free Will and Determinism” (Applied to Essay Hamlet Pro and Anti Social Behaviour) This essay will look to hero protagonist . analyse and evaluate two of the major debates in psychology . In the first half of the edgar allan poe the fall house of usher, essay the question ‘Is psychology a science?’ will be discussed and arguments for and against will be looked at. In the hero protagonist, second part of the essay the debate ‘ Free Will versus Determinism’ will be discussed and applied to Pro and in office Anti Social Behaviour. Psychology , according to Gross (2009:4). Causality , Determinism , Free will 2659 Words | 7 Pages. 2005 AP PSYCHOLOGY FREE - RESPONSE Psychologists research for further knowledge, but sometimes . there are controversial issues for one another. First, children??s acquisition of hero, language is an uk, innate mechanism that enables a child to hero protagonist analyze language and extract the basic rules of Essay Hamlet, grammar, granted by Chomsky. It basically states that humans are born with a language acquisition device that, the ability to learn a language rapidly as children.

However, there is one important controversy in language. Protagonist! Applied behavior analysis , Behavior , Behaviorism 617 Words | 2 Pages. |Wundt |“Father of Psychology ”; introspection/ Structuralism . | |Wertheimer |Gestalt psychology | |Titchner |Structuralism | |James . Clinical psychology , Cognition , Cognitive behavioral therapy 1164 Words | 7 Pages. ?FRQ Practice #2 AP Psychology 2013-2014 1. Building And Using Teams Essay! In response to declining reading scores in local schools, John . wrote an editorial suggesting that schools need to increase interest in reading books by providing students with incentives. Based on research showing a relation between use of incentives and student reading, he recommended providing a free Starbucks gift card for every ten books a student reads. A. Explain how each of the following psychological concepts could be used to refute John's. Hero! Albert Bandura , Educational psychology , Learning 734 Words | 4 Pages. Free-Response Questions from edgar poe the fall of the house, Past Ap Exams. Free - Response Questions from Past AP Exams 1999: 1. Is Congress effective in exercising legislative oversight . of the federal bureaucracy? Support your answer by doing ONE of the following: a. Explain two specific methods Congress uses to exercise effective oversight of the federal bureaucracy.

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They started that all complex substances could be analyzed through their component elements. They held that elementary mental states such as. Hero! Behaviorism , Clinical psychology , Cognition 1725 Words | 5 Pages. September 27, 2011 AP Psychology , period 2 Consciousness Free Response 1. a) The topic of . dreams is certainly a complex and interesting subject to further investigate, having many different aspects and meanings to it. There are many theories and ideologies regarding why dreams occur in the first place, such as wish fulfillment theory, activation synthesis theory, as well as cognitive development, information processing, and physiological function. Freud suggested wish fulfillment theory.

Brain , Cognition , Cognitive psychology 1012 Words | 3 Pages. AP ® United States History 2010 Free - Response Questions The College Board The College Board is a not-for-profit . membership association whose mission is to mcdonalds profit connect students to college success and opportunity. Hero Protagonist! Founded in 1900, the College Board is industrial composed of protagonist, more than 5,700 schools, colleges, universities and other educational organizations. Each year, the College Board serves seven million students and their parents, 23,000 high schools, and 3,800 colleges through major programs and services in. Advanced Placement , American Civil War , College Board 1873 Words | 6 Pages. Response Paper of Psychology: Attraction. Response Paper 2 Migle Rakauskaite Julija Gaiduk PSY 122 Introduction to Psychology 2012-12-11 . Attraction Have you ever though why do we tend to rotation in office like others more or what is the hero, real reason why we have chosen particular person to love or be friends with? According to training our book the answer is all about hero protagonist, attraction. Attraction could be defined like the and Using in the Workplace Essay, combination of other smaller details, like physical attractiveness, similarity. Hero! Exposure effect , Human physical appearance , Interpersonal attraction 1186 Words | 3 Pages. AP ® HUMAN GEOGRAPHY 2011 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 3 Industrial location models are used to explain geographic patterns of economic . activity.

The maps above show automobile factories built before and after 1986 in the United States. Part A (2 points) Identify TWO changes in industrial definition, the geography of automobile factory construction shown by the maps. 1. Hero! International-based change in the geography of plant construction a. Increase in the number/investment of foreign-owned automobile plants OR b. Increase. Automobile , Education in the United States , Mississippi River 1214 Words | 5 Pages. ? Psychology Chapter One Psychology started as a speculation and has evolved into science over years. . It was born as an allan poe the fall of the house of usher, . independent discipline. Hero! The discovery began in 1870 by a small number of Essay on Gaden Hamlet, scholars. The founders are disciplines of philosophy and physiology which share an interest in hero protagonist, the mysteries of the mind. In 1832- 1920 Wilhelm Wundt changed the view, he created the first laboratory in Building and Using Teams in the Workplace Essay, 1879 in Leipzig Germany.

He mounted a campaign to make psychology and independent discipline rather. Behavior , Behaviorism , Clinical psychology 979 Words | 3 Pages. ap 2012 calculus bc free response questions. AP ® Calculus BC 2012 Free - Response Questions About the College Board The College Board is a mission-driven . Hero Protagonist! not-for-profit organization that connects students to edgar fall of the house of usher college success and opportunity. Founded in hero protagonist, 1900, the College Board was created to expand access to higher education. Today, the membership association is made up of more than 5,900 of the allan fall house, world’s leading educational institutions and is dedicated to promoting excellence and equity in education. Each year, the College Board helps more than. Calculus , Continuous function , Derivative 1394 Words | 7 Pages. History of Psychology The word psychology comes from protagonist, two Greek words: Psych and Logos. It was in the 18th century when . Franchise Uk! psychology gained its literal meaning: the study of behavior.

Today, psychology is hero protagonist defined as the on Gaden of Ophelia:, scientific and systematic study of human and animal behavior. The term psychology has a long history (Feldman). Psychology started within the fields of philosophy and physiology. But thanks to protagonist a German man named, Wilhelm Wundt, psychology became an mcdonalds franchise, independent field of its own. Wilhelm. Hero Protagonist! Abraham Maslow , Behavior , Behaviorism 703 Words | 3 Pages. D. Psychodynamic Answer Key: D Question 2 of 10 0.0/ 2.0 Points Researchers are studying the effects of nicotine on driving. The . participants are divided into two groups. One group is Building Good Workplace Essay provided with nicotine cigarettes and the other with fake cigarettes that taste and smell like real cigarettes but do not contain nicotine. The fake cigarettes are an example of a(n) A. Protagonist! Dependent variable B. Placebo C. Random assignment D. Experimental group Answer Key: B Question 3 of. Behavior , Clinical psychology , Psychoanalysis 591 Words | 5 Pages. The United Rejected! ?Sean Vondrak Dr.

Volonnino AP US Government Politics (B-Block) 31 March 2014 Free Response 1) The . federal bureaucracy as part of the executive branch exercises substantial independence in implementing governmental policies and programs. Most workers in the federal bureaucracy are civil-service employees who are organized under a merit system. (a) Describe one key characteristic of the merit system. Hero Protagonist! The key characteristic of the merit system is its allowance for appointments and promotions. Bureaucracy , Democracy , Executive 807 Words | 4 Pages. Explain the reasons for the development of psychology as an academic discipline in the 19th and 20th centuries, making explicit the important . turning points and breakthroughs. In this essay I am looking at where Psychology as a discipline has come from and what affects these early ideas have had on in the Essay, psychology today, Psychology as a whole has stemmed from a number of different areas of study from protagonist, Physics to Biology, But the first Psychological foundations are rooted in why did of versailles, philosophy, which to this. Abraham Maslow , Clinical psychology , Cognition 1409 Words | 5 Pages. AP Exam Essays 2001-2010 2010 AP Exam Essays 1. In what ways did ideas and values held by Puritans influence the . political, economic, and protagonist social development of the New England colonies from franchise, 1630 through the 1660s?

2. Analyze the political, diplomatic, and military reasons for the United States victory in the Revolutionary War. Confine your answer to the period 1775–1783. 3. Protagonist! Analyze the ways in which controversy over the extension of slavery into western territories contributed to the. American Civil War , American Revolution , Cold War 1649 Words | 5 Pages. solve this problem: some appropriate DCF approach, and the Black-Scholes approach. You may find it helpful to consult the Appendix, which explains how these . figures were prepared. (Suppose the appropriate discount rate for Essay Hamlet risky cash flows is 12%. Risk- free rate, for discounting safer cash flows, is at 6%.) The central stone of Arundel partners’ project is to establish a correct price for the whole rights portfolio. To do this two methods are presented: a) calculating the hypothetical sequel performances. Film , Investment , Mathematical finance 1477 Words | 6 Pages. Short- Answer Responses 1. Hero Protagonist! Based on Essay on Gaden, your readings from Ch. 3 of the hero protagonist, textbook and your personal experience, would you say that pop . culture affects individuality?

If so, how? Pop culture absolutely affects individuality. It permeates our society to where it shapes the actions and behaviors of whole communities. We are products of Essay of Ophelia: Hamlet, our environment for pop culture subversively guides our decisions, our morals, and influences heavily what we like and dislike. Hero Protagonist! In reading the Building Teams in the Workplace Essay, steps to starting to realize. Culture , Human behavior , Individual 1149 Words | 4 Pages. 2008 Psych FRQ 1. A) • One of the findings from Ainsworth’s attachment research was that children’s responses can fall into . two categories: secure or insecure attachment. Securely attached children felt close to their mothers, safe, and more willing to explore or tolerate a novel experience, while insecurely attached children were more likely to react to protagonist the situation either with anxiety and allan house of usher ambivalence or with avoidance. • One of the hero, findings from Teams, Baumrind’s research. Protagonist! Attachment theory , Childhood , Developmental psychology 851 Words | 3 Pages.

action. Uk! This restores balance. This concept is wrong because Danielle makes her decision based off of hero, herself a human being wanting to go to the more secure . and industrial training safe person, which is instinct. The imbalance was not a part of this question. Correct answer is C, Instinct. 5. Hero Protagonist! Juan is obsessed with building up his bank balance, even though he is quite comfortable and prosperous now. One situation exemplifies the why did, power of Concept tested: Theory’s of motivation Page 402/403 bottom right: Secondary.

Acetylcholine , Autonomic nervous system , Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1034 Words | 4 Pages. Protagonist! Studies College of Legal studies BA.,LLB(Hons.) Semester III Academic YEAR: 2014 -15 SESSION: July-December Assignment For PSYCHOLOGY . Under the edgar of usher, Supervision of PRIYANKA SHARMA Name: _______________________ Sap No: _______________________ Roll No ------------------------------------- Major Schools Of Thought In Psychology And Their Contributions When psychology was first established as a science separate from biology and philosophy, the debate over how to protagonist describe and explain the. Behaviorism , Edward B. Titchener , Human behavior 1988 Words | 8 Pages. ? PSYCHOLOGY Psychology is derived from the Greek words Psyche and logos, meaning soul and study. To Greeks, . Psychology is simply a study of the soul. Psychology as the scientific study of human behavior and mental processes. Rotation! Scientific because it uses the steps in a scientific method in its quest to understand why a person behaves in hero, a certain manner. Profit Uk! It is systematic and empirical and it is protagonist dependent upon measurements. Psychologists - study human issues that begin before birth and continue.

Behavior , Cognition , Cognitive psychology 1555 Words | 5 Pages. Chapter 1 Notes 1) Four big ideas in psychology : a. Critical thinking is smart thinking b. Rotation! Behavior is a bio psychosocial . event c. Protagonist! We operate with a two-track mind (Dual processing) d. Psychology explores human strengths as well as challenges 2) Why do psychology ? e. The limits of intuition and common sense i. Enough to bring forth answers regarding human nature. ii. May aid queries, but are not free of Building Good Teams in the Workplace Essay, error. iii. Hindsight Bias. Behavior , Behaviorism , Clinical psychology 1679 Words | 7 Pages. “ Psychology has given the world little cause for amazement” Sinead Clarke Word Count: 1,769 “ Psychology has given the world . little cause for amazement” In 1843, John Stuart Mill published “System of Logic Ratiocinative and Inductive, Being a Connected View of the Principles of hero, Evidence and why did rejected of versailles the Methods of Scientific Investigation” (A System of Logic) in hero, which he declared “ psychology should leave the realm of speculation and philosophy and become a science of observation and experiment.” Commencing. Archives of the History of American Psychology , Behavior , Behaviorism 2026 Words | 6 Pages. Industrial Definition! Free Response and Thesis Development. ?Highlight the actual essay topic found in each prompt that you will be responding to.

Below each topic, do a free write as if you are . creating a journal entry and type at least 150 words on each topic. Then write a thesis statement for the topic using the correct format. Write the thesis in bold so that I can tell it from the free write response . Complete each assignment even if you have already written an essay on hero, the topic. 1. Some say that the journey is mcdonalds profit more important than the destination. Protagonist! Debut albums , English-language films , Idea 850 Words | 3 Pages. In Office! Karly Coppola 7/5/13 Psychology The Five Parts of Psychology When you hear the word psychology , what comes to hero protagonist . On Gaden Hamlet! mind? While psychology is a popular subject, a lot of people are not aware of the many different elements of this broad and fascinating subject.

It’s best to learn about the hero protagonist, early history of psychology , the edgar allan fall of the of usher, official beginning of psychology and hero protagonist more about psychology today. Why Did The United States Rejected The Treaty! Generally, there are five different approaches to the subject of hero protagonist, psychology . The five different parts are; Cognitive. Behavior , Brain , Cognitive psychology 1511 Words | 5 Pages. Bodily Responses to Stress Psychology as. M (Sympathetic Adreno-medullary Pathway) This is the acute (immediate) response to stress (it uses electrical signals). Higher brain areas . Definition! (Cortex) detect and perceive something as a stressor, triggering the Hypothalamus, which in turn activates the protagonist, Sympathetic branch of the Autonomic nervous system, stimulating the Adrenal Medulla, producing two hormones, Adrenaline and Noradrenaline, which cause the Fight or Flight response , which causes bodily changes and has evolved for survival. Bodily changes. Why Did Of Versailles! Antibody , Blood , Immune system 1428 Words | 4 Pages. come and he knew it was going to hero protagonist be worse than usual.

Dave endured this abuse for years but finally one day he was saved by a police officer and was told he . would never have to set foot in that home again. He was finally free . As this book ties in with the aspects of psychology , Dave Pelzer did not have any mental disorder, or anything causing his brain not to the united states the treaty of versailles function the correct way. He was a victim of child abuse for many years. Not only hero protagonist did he have to profit go through all of the physical pain that. Child abuse , Suffering 1029 Words | 3 Pages. level of autonomic nervous system arousal may contribute to A) post-traumatic stress disorder. B) phobias. C) antisocial personality disorder. D) . dissociative disorders. Protagonist! E) generalized anxiety disorder. ____ ____ ____ ____ Page 1 AP Psychology C14 Practice Test ____ 6. Edgar Poe The House Of Usher! The symptoms of protagonist, ________ are likely to appear at an earlier age than the symptoms of ________. A) antisocial personality; schizophrenia B) major depression; bipolar disorder C) obsessive-compulsive disorder;.

Abnormal psychology , Bipolar disorder , Cognitive behavioral therapy 2795 Words | 10 Pages. AP Psychology Fall Term Project Introduction I am more interested in the treaty of versailles, the abstract and hero philosophical aspects rather than the . The United States The Treaty Of Versailles! more concrete biological aspects of psychology . The topic that interested me the most so far this year and the topic that I continued to research was the topic of morality. I didn’t have a specific question I wanted to address but as I read some articles about people who were institutionalized for protagonist violently expressing psychopathic personality traits, I came across an. Poe The! Antisocial personality disorder , Conduct disorder , Hare Psychopathy Checklist 1027 Words | 3 Pages. Psychology Unit 1: Introduction to protagonist Psychology Area of Study 1: What is Psychology ? Chapter 1: The Nature of . Edgar Of The Of Usher! Psychology Defining Psychology 1. Centuries ago Psychology was defined as the hero, study of the of Ophelia:, mind; however this definition has since been updated. What is the protagonist, current widely accepted definition? Psychology is the study of mental processes and observable behaviours. 2. Who are the main subject matter of Psychology and what does the field focus on? Humans are the subject matter. Applied psychology , Clinical psychology , Experiment 1031 Words | 4 Pages. Origins Psychology : The science of behavior and Building Good Teams Workplace mental processes.

Philosophical Origins of Psychology : India- Buddha pondered . how sensations can perceptions combine to form ideas. China- Confucius stressed powers of ideas and of an educated mind. Ancient Israel- Hebrew Scriptures anticipated today’s psychology by linking mind and hero emotion to the body. Socrates and Aristotle in on Gaden Hamlet, Greece. Protagonist! Important Contributors Freud: Independent approach to the study of the mind called psychoanalysis Watson.

Behaviorism , Classical conditioning , Extinction 1035 Words | 4 Pages. AP Test Prep Chapter 13 1) The only indigenous aspect of on Gaden Hamlet, Japanese culture during the Heian era was (A) The imperial administration . Hero! (B) Written characters (C) Shinto (D) Court etiquette and rotation in office protocol Answer : C Cite: The answer is located on page 291 under the heading “Japan: The imperial age” the hero, passage states “Indigenous cultural influences, possibly those linked to Shinto views…” 2) The group which most directly challenged Chinese influences. Buddhism , China , Chinese character 656 Words | 3 Pages. is Free Will? Denise Dale What is Free Will? Free will is the driving force of human existence and . Industrial! individuality. It directs human actions, thoughts and hero desires. Free will is what distinguishes humankind from all other creations of existence. Animals do not have free will. Plants and flowers do not have free will. Humans live their lives.

Out of all that there is of existence that depends on air for life, only humans truly have free will. Profit! As per the Merriam-Webster dictionary Free is. Choice , Free will , Human 2079 Words | 6 Pages. Hero! The Science of Psychology Marty Allen PSY 300 August 8, 2010 Dr. Theresa Watts Examine the major underlying assumptions of the rotation, various . schools of thought in psychology . Edward Titchener initiated a school of thought called structuralism. He believed that experimentation was the best way for a science of psychology . He went further viewing the study of hero, consciousness as something that was not scientific because sensations and feelings could not be seeing by anyone except the why did states the treaty, person reporting.

Basal ganglia , Brain , Central nervous system 938 Words | 3 Pages. Developmental Psychology and protagonist Correct Answer. Tut 201 Question 1 Feedback on Question 1 The correct answer is (3)-physical,psychosocial and cognitive domains. These domains are . described in the question: in the question's first sentence development in the physical domain includes maturation and Essay on Gaden of Ophelia: Hamlet growth of the body and hero brain(p.10 amp; p. 426 of the prescribed book). In the second and mcdonalds profit third sentences in the example the psychosocial effects [ie psychological ( sense of self worth) and social (peer group interaction) of Janes early maturation. Blood sugar , Child development , Critical period 1861 Words | 6 Pages. Protagonist! Section One – 1 When psychology first began to become a science in 1860, it was more of a field of philosophy than an actual medical study. . It dealt with a more abstract concept than other medical fields; the human body is something concrete that you can physically look at and study whereas, at the time, you could not physically see the mind. In Ancient Greece thinkers such as Aristotle and Plato could only come up with theories as to how the mind works. Plato believed that some knowledge is. Franchise Profit Uk! Anal stage , Behaviorism , Classical conditioning 1597 Words | 5 Pages. question of whether Psychology can be classed as a Science has been a topic of debate for many years, however to truly answer . this question it is first important to hero protagonist understand what the term ‘science’ actually means. According to Eysenk and Keane 1990, one of the fundamental principles of science is objectivity, which is ensured through the use of highly controlled observations in order to verify or falsify a hypothesis.

This method is commonly used within the field of psychology , particularly within. Epistemology , Experiment , Falsifiability 1036 Words | 4 Pages. Is psychology a science? Discuss using evidence from the allan poe the house of usher, five approaches. To answer this question I feel it is important to . understand the definitions of hero, psychology and science. I will start with definitions of the terms psychology and science and will briefly review the methods of psychology . Industrial Definition! I will outline the protagonist, behaviourist approach, the psychoanalytical approach, the cognitive approach, the why did states of versailles, humanistic approach and the biological approach.

In order to confirm whether psychology can fulfil the. Abraham Maslow , Behaviorism , Cognitive psychology 2271 Words | 7 Pages. network that first comes to your rescue by accelerating you heart and tensing your muscles for action. Endocrine System: a slower acting communication . network that sends a follow up message that supports and sustains that support the emergency response initiated by the nervous system. They send these messages through chemical messengers known as hormones. The cooperation between the endocrine and nervous system is at the hypothalamus. Hero! The Neuron: The Building Block of the in office, Nervous System The. Action potential , Axon , Brain 1741 Words | 6 Pages.

Test Questions with Answer for Psychology 101. B) temporary suppression C) learned helplessness D) passive aggressiveness Points Earned: | 0.0/4.0 | | Correct Answer (s): | A | 2. . The method of loci, peg-word system, substitute word system, and method of word association are all examples of _____. Hero! A) didectic memory B) mnemonic devices C) eidetic imagery D) a photographic memory Points Earned: | 0.0/4.0 | | Correct Answer (s): | B | 3. The frontal lobes are responsible for processing _____________. A) visual information B) auditory. Brain , Classical conditioning , Color 1087 Words | 7 Pages.

Dayanara Romero AP US History DBQ Essay After the war of 1812, there was an Era of Building and Using Teams in the Essay, Good Feeling. Protagonist! The Era of Essay of Ophelia: Hamlet, Good Feeling occurred when . James Monroe was President. The United States achieved nationalism after many things had happened. For example, the Louisiana Purchase which led to the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Which also as well as leading to the Westward Expansion of the US.

These were important events because it led for hero protagonist Lewis and Clark to also Encouraged Euro- to do fur trade in the West. American Civil War , Louisiana Purchase , Native Americans in the United States 753 Words | 3 Pages. the Revolution as a rule of why did the united rejected the treaty, moral principles and theologies that were to always be at the heart of the Revolution, and it was based heavily of the hero, . philosophies of in office, Enlightenment thinkers, particularly Locke. The declaration claimed that all men born free and hero protagonist equal to in office each other in every way, with four natural rights; liberty, property, security and the resistance to oppression. It continued on to say the purpose of protagonist, government is to protect these rights. These points are almost exactly the same as those. Age of Enlightenment , Deism , French Revolution 832 Words | 3 Pages. experiments in social psychology drawing on the cognitive social perspective and one of the other three perspectives in the module (discursive . psychological, phenomenological or social psychoanalytic).

This essay will provide a description of the allan fall of the, experimental method for both the cognitive social perspective and social psychoanalytic perspective. A compare and hero contrast will be given for the two perspectives in a critical evaluation as an approach to rotation doing research in protagonist, social psychology . The cognitive. Cognition , Psychoanalysis , Psychology 1430 Words | 5 Pages. Definitions of industrial training, Psychology Psychology History Perspectives 1.“the science of mental life” (William James, 1890) 2. “the . study of hero, human or animal behaviour” (Webster’s Dictionary, 1988) 3. “the scientific study of behavior and the mind” (Passer Smith, 2004) Roots of the Word psyche Greek for the “soul” Related Fields I. Philosophy Rene Descartes (1595-1650) •dualism (interactionism) • mind is on Gaden nonphysical entity • mind and body are separate, distinct entities involved in. Behaviorism , Cognition , Consciousness 469 Words | 4 Pages.

shaping and successive approximation, it can teach kids how to put on their own clothes all by themselves. The Smith-Garcia’s are having a baby and should . learn how to raise their child appropriately. Since both of the expectant parents took a psychology course, they should remember Skinner’s operant conditioning method, and should use this method on their child when he or she throws a tantrum. For example, if their child throws a tantrum because he wants his favorite candy bar, a parent should. Albert Bandura , Attachment theory , Educational psychology 962 Words | 3 Pages. Summary of Free Response Questions. WRITTEN SECTIONS OF AP WORLD HISTORY TEST In the free - response section of the AP World History Exam, . all students are asked to answer three constructed- response (essay) questions: Part A — An essay that requires comparison and protagonist analysis of up to ten “documents” which can include texts, pictures, graphs, maps, etc.—DOCUMENT BASED QUESTION (DBQ) Part B — An essay question that deals specifically with continuity and change over time (covering at franchise profit uk least one of the periods in the concept outline). Africa , China , Culture 271 Words | 2 Pages. Hero! Is diversity an obstacle to why did the united states rejected the treaty understanding in psychology? ?Critically discuss the claim that ‘The diversity of perspectives in psychology is an obstacle to understanding’ drawing on material from at hero protagonist . least two chapters of edgar poe the of the, Book 2. Psychology is a multifaceted discipline utilising the varying approaches, methods and hero themes from Building Good Teams Workplace, many perspectives to explore the mind and behaviour of humankind. Many perspectives, from the biological and objective to the psychoanalytical and totally subjective, serve to hero protagonist answer psychological questions with possible theories based on a range.

Attachment in adults , Attachment theory , Cognitive psychology 1678 Words | 4 Pages. Causality and Response Variable Changes. ? AP Statistics Name ____________________________________________ Chapter 4 Practice Test Part I - Multiple Choice 1. Suppose that the industrial definition, . scatterplot of (log x, log y) shows a strong positive correlation Which of the following must be true? I. The variables x and y also have a correlation close to 1. II. A scatterplot of (x, y) shows a strong nonlinear pattern. III. The residual plot of the variables x and y shows a random pattern. (a) I only protagonist (b) II only (c) III only (d) I and. Causality , Confounding , Correlation does not imply causation 909 Words | 6 Pages. happiness. The first is, whether or not higher income contributes to Essay happiness. Hero! Second, I will examine unemployment and happiness.

Last, how politics affects . happiness. Psychologists say yes, and that there are good reasons for doing so. Positive psychology is “the scientific study of the edgar allan fall of the house, strengths and virtues that enable individuals and hero protagonist communities to thrive.” (PBS) These researchers’ work includes studying strengths, positive emotions, resilience, and poe the of the happiness. Their argument is hero protagonist that only studying. Emotion , Eudaimonia , Feeling 931 Words | 3 Pages. Summer 2012 Assignments: Due Thursday, September 6th.

Welcome to AP . US History! The following is a summer assignment to get you started for . the new school year. Allan! Part I: Textbook Assignment. (Use the protagonist, textbook if you received it in industrial training definition, June or download the PDF files or use the dropbox link) Part II: Free Response Question Essay Part I: Use your American Passages textbook if you have, or Download the pdf files titled “ AP US CH 1” and “ AP US Chapter 2 excerpts” Read. As you read, Outline the chapter. Essay , Following , Protestant Reformation 993 Words | 5 Pages. areas of psychology and these areas include Developmental psychology , Cognitive psychology , Behavioral . psychology , and Social psychology . While in this course I was able to learn not only hero protagonist about the areas of psychology , but also learned a lot about myself. Within this paper, I will explain each major area of Teams Essay, psychology and I will also explain personality, how it is measured, and how it is used in psychology . I will also explain the importance of hero, knowing the nervous system while learning psychology . I also.

Behavior , Behaviorism , Cognition 1066 Words | 3 Pages.

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How to Write an eCommerce Business Plan for Your Startup. So you’ve decided that you want to hero, quit your day job and start your very own e-commerce empire. On Gaden! That’s great! But before you become the next Jeff Bezos (and definitely before you quit your job!), it’s worth spending some time to protagonist, think about a business plan. In this article, we’ll dive into the key elements of an Essay of Ophelia: Hamlet, e-commerce business plan, which is very different than writing a traditional business plan. Why You Should Take the Time to Write a Business Plan. We know that starting an hero protagonist, e-commerce business is exciting and it can be tempting to jump right in, without constructing a business plan. READ: PLEASE DON’T DO THIS.

If you haven’t put your ideas, questions and concerns on paper, then you haven’t given your business model enough thought. Taking the time to write a business plan might seem like a lot of work but it can save you a lot of time and money in Essay on Gaden of Ophelia: the long-run by better preparing you for potential challenges and opportunities that you’ll face as a first time entrepreneur. When writing a business plan, YOU are your target audience! The point of a business plan is to help you get your ideas down on paper – so don’t worry about making it fancy or excessively long. So what should one hope to get out of hero protagonist, a business plan? Knowledge. A better sense of what you know and more importantly, what you don’t know. Resources. The resources you’ll need to make your business successful (e.g. money, partners, employees).

Road map. Helping you set clear goals for your business from the outset. Viability. Probably the most important thing – once you write your business plan, you should have a better sense of the edgar house of usher viability of the protagonist opportunity. Now that you know you need a business plan lets jump into why did the united the treaty of versailles, the sections you need to think about. Download our FREE list of 32 profitable e-commerce niche ideas. Complete with our proprietary ranking system comprised of easy-to-read scores for Customer Lifetime Value, Gross Margins, Content Popularity, and Search Marketing Opportunity.

Creating a short, crisp value proposition is a good gauge for how clear your idea is. Write this section as if you had one minute to explain your business to a potential investor or customer. Then practice it over and over and over again until you feel really confident in protagonist explaining it to and Using Teams Workplace, someone. Hero Protagonist! Once you write this and are happy with it, use it on your website as your company description. Let’s say you’re looking to start a hiking company, called Atlas Hiking Co., which sells premium performance hiking shirts. A possible company description could be the following: Atlas Hiking Co. is in office a lifestyle hiking company that produces high performance hiking shirts for protagonist, outdoor lovers. Our proprietary SPF40 fabric is one of the lightest fabrics on the market, providing mountain lovers with maximum comfort, both from a breathability and sun-protection standpoint.

Our product is made in the U.S.A. and a portion of in office, our profits are donated to hero protagonist, preserve national parks around the country. Before you start diving into the weeds, it’s a good idea to first develop a framework for your business model. Once you go through the rotation in office different sections of the protagonist business plan and conducted extensive research, you will definitely want to make some tweaks to your business model so no need to make this perfect. There are a number of ways to franchise uk, sell a product on hero protagonist the internet and several different business models one could employ. Depending on what you intend to sell, it’s important to think through which business model makes the most sense for industrial definition, your product. Physical products: Clothing, shoes, home goods Digital products: Software as a Service products, ecourses, ebooks Services: Consulting services, home cleaning. Business to Business (B2B): You are selling to organizations, corporations and non-profits rather than individual customers Business to Consumer (B2C): This means you are selling to hero protagonist, individual consumers rather than businesses Marketplace: You are acting as a middleman by bringing businesses and why did the united states rejected (B2B or B2C) customers to one website. How are you sourcing your product? Manufacture In-house: You make your product or service in-house Third party manufacturer: You outsource manufacturing of your product or service to a third party manufacturer Dropship: You partner with a dropship manufacturer.

Basically this means that they make your product, package it and ship it directly to hero protagonist, your customer while your company handles the the united the treaty entire customer relationship Wholesale:You buy goods or services from other companies in bulk and protagonist re-sell those products on your website. Here’s a fact you can bank on: there has never been a successful e-commerce entrepreneur that didn’t understand his/her market, cold. That’s why this section is one of the most important in the entire business plan. It will force you to understand the industry in which you operate, the overall industry outlook, the existing competition, and your target customer demographic. Before you even get started in writing this section, you need to spend several hours researching the mcdonalds profit uk market.

Here are some of the most efficient ways to research a particular market: Google is your best friend. Protagonist! Look for any recent industry reports on your market of choice. This will give you a good sense of how much growth the industry is experiencing, why this growth is happening and what are the largest customer segments. In our example of Atlas Hiking Co., we should research the franchise outdoor apparel market. Let’s say that through our research of the outdoor apparel industry, we discovered that there was a huge boom in youth hiking apparel. Hero Protagonist! Perhaps parents were increasingly concerned of their kids’ exposure to UV rays while hiking so began to spend more money on their kids.

We could use this valuable information to guide our business strategy. There’s only industrial, so much you can read online. Go to a nearby store that sells similar products to yours and interview the store representative. The store rep has interacted with hundreds of interested customers which can lead to protagonist, thousands of valuable insights! It’s amazing how these insights can translate into a meaningful business opportunity. Here’s an and Using Good Teams Workplace, example: If I was going into a Billy’s Outdoor Store to research the outdoor apparel market, I would probably ask Billy the following: What are your best selling products? What are your worst selling products? Find products similar to hero, yours and on Gaden ask the hero protagonist representative his/her favorite features on products similar to yours. How much are customers generally willing to spend for these types of the united states the treaty, products?

Do customers make repeat orders of any of these products? Do you get a lot of customers that are looking to hero, buy last minute hiking gear before they go on why did states rejected of versailles a hike? Create an excel spreadsheet of all of your competitors. Hero Protagonist! In your excel spreadsheet, you should have the following columns: Competitor Name Website Price point Product Description Key Features (e.g. fabric, waterproof, slimfit, etc.) What is the competition missing? Is there a gap in rotation the offering? Where you can add some additional value? After conducting the competitor analysis, Atlas Hiking Co. might find that the competition’s hiking shirts offer very few features at a low price point, but no one offers a luxury hiking shirt with additional features at a higher price point. This is just an example of the types of insights one can gain from market research which can drastically alter your business model. By using Google’s keyword planner and trends pages, you can get a good sense of how in demand your product is and protagonist whether it’s trending upward, or downward.

Google is great for a general idea, just don’t bank on it. The video below is a good guide on how to why did the united states the treaty of versailles, use Google Trends and Google Keywords. Are there nearby trade shows that you can go to? Again, creating connections with other people in hero your industry is uk a sure-fire short-cut to countless hours of reading on the internet. Trade shows are also a great opportunity to talk to competitors, meet manufacturers, and better understand where things are heading in your industry. Once you finish researching the relevant industry, you should summarize your findings by answering the following questions: How big is the overall industry? How big is the specific sub-industry in which you intend to operate? Where has most of the historic growth in the market come from? Why is this the right time to hero, enter this market? What are the sub-segments that are poised for why did the united, future growth (e.g. Hero! youth apparel)?

How crowded is the product category with competition? How is your competition distributing their product (online, retail, wholesale etc.)? What’s missing from the competition’s product offering? Who is your target customer (population size, age, geography, education, ethnicity, income level)? Are consumers comfortable with buying your product category online? So, now you’ve concluded that you have a great business idea and it’s in a growing market.

That’s great – but how are you going to franchise profit uk, drive traffic to your website and get customers buy it? And how much can you afford to spend on your product? In order to come up with a marketing strategy, you need to first know your customer inside out. You should be able to answer such questions as: How old is your customer? Where does your customer live? What is the population of your customer base?

What is their education level? What is their income level? What are your customers’ pain points? With so many channels to reach your customer, which one is best for you? Once we know pretty much everything there is to protagonist, know about our target customer, we can shift focus to our marketing strategy. Building And Using! What channels should you use to grab the attention of your customer demographic? Some of the key marketing channels include: Pay-per-click – this typically involves using Google Shopping campaigns and hero protagonist managing a product data feed. Affiliate sale networks – Allowing other blogs and websites to sell your product for a cut of the revenue.

List the industrial different affiliate sale networks that you plan to protagonist, promote through. Social media (Facebook, Instagram, Pinterest etc.): Which is your strategy for social media and in office where will you dedicate your attention? Search Engine Optimization – Create and promote awesome content so people find your product organically through search. What is your content marketing strategy? Come up with a content roadmap that lists the next 10-15 articles you want created as well as your strategy for hero, creating such content (in-house vs. outsource). Edgar Poe The! How will you persuade people to protagonist, buy your product once they get to your site?

Blogger networks – could be organic or paid through affiliate sale programs. Develop a list of the key bloggers in your product category. Building Good Workplace! For Atlas Hiking Co., this might be an influencer that blogs about the best hiking trails in hero America. Finding the optimal mix of allan fall house, these advertising tools depends 100% on your customer segment as well as your product type. For example, a SaaS product targeting millennials will require an entirely different marketing strategy than an e-commerce physical product targeting baby boomers.

Perhaps that should be a post on its own for another day! How much should you spend to acquire a customer? In order to understand this, we need to first discuss a concept known as Lifetime Value of hero, Customer or LTV. In essence, this is a formula that helps you better understand how much an average customer will spend over mcdonalds franchise uk time. Here’s a good read on how to calculate LTV. It’s important to remember that for new businesses, you don’t have a lot of data on customer purchase habits so it’s a good idea to hero, be more conservative with your assumptions in calculating LTV. Let’s say, for Atlas Hiking Co., I determine that the Good Teams average LTV per customer is $300. This means that over protagonist time, the the united average customer will spend $300. Let’s say on average, if I receive $300 in revenue, $100 of that will translate to gross profit before I factor in hero my marketing costs (basically I’m just subtracting out the cost making the shirts). Knowing that my gross profit is $100 per shirt is a critical piece of information because it tells me that I can spend up to why did, $100 in marketing to acquire a customer and still be profitable!

With so much technology and hero SaaS products out there, it’s important to the united rejected, understand the various moving parts and diagram how they all integrate with one another. Some of the different elements include: Come up with a detailed list of the different products and services you need to run your business as well as the monthly and per transaction cost of each of them. Protagonist! This will be important in understanding the impact of these services to your margins. So we know we want to sell hiking shirts, that’s great! But for some of us, we’re not quite sure as to what we should sell. To succeed in online retail, you need a product that is franchise uk trending upwards in a growing niche. Come up with detailed specifications for each product or service you intend to sell. If it’s a hiking shirt we’re selling, we would want to have:

Detailed sketches of the shirt Fabric weight, materials, type Key features (e.g. pre-shrunk, water-proof, SPF 40) What are other products that you have in protagonist the pipeline? Perhaps once you’ve successfully sold hiking shirts, you’re able to leverage your manufacturing relationships to sell hiking socks and shorts. Include that information in this section. The financial section is why did used to forecast sales, expenses and hero net income of the business. Building And Using Teams Workplace! Ideally, you’ll want to create a monthly excel schedule showing the following: Projected revenue: first come up with your projected number of units sold and then come up with your projected revenue (Projected Revenue = # of Units Sold * Average Sales Price).

Fixed expenses: these are expenses that are fixed no matter how much you sell. Typically, these relate to monthly SaaS subscriptions, employee salaries or rent. Variable expenses – these expenses change in direct proportion to hero, how much you sell. Common examples include cost of goods sold and payment processing fees. This helps business owners better understand what they need to franchise profit, achieve to hit their profit goals.

In reality, projections are usually always off the hero protagonist mark, but it’s good to give yourself some measurable goals to states rejected the treaty of versailles, strive for. This section should aim to answer the following questions about your product offering: How much product do you need to sell per hero year to rotation in office, meet your income goals for the business? What are the margins on hero protagonist your product? If you sell 1 hiking shirt for $50, how much do you make after paying your supplier, employees and marketing costs? What is the lifetime value of why did states rejected, a customer (see marketing section)? How much can you spend to hero protagonist, acquire customers? If you conservatively project that the average customer will spend $300 over Essay time on your shirts, then you can afford to protagonist, spend an amount less than $300 to acquire that customer using the allan poe the fall house paid marketing channels described previously Do you have any big capital expenditures early on protagonist that would require you to need to bring in investors? Can you improve gross margins by making bigger orders from your suppliers? Careful planning is crucial to get your e-commerce business from the planning phase to the launch phase, and to ensure its successful future.

Going through the exercise of writing a business plan will cement your own understanding of your business and your market. It will also position you to why did states of versailles, take advantage of lucrative opportunities while mitigating harmful threats to your business down the line. Your turn! Have you written a business plan for your e-commerce website? Do you have anything to add? Tell us about hero protagonist, it in and Using Teams Workplace the comments below! Sameer Reddy is the co-founder of selfstartr. He has nine years of experience on Wall Street, most recently as a Vice President at a major investment bank. Awesome post, Sameer. And quite frankly, this is what every Ecommerce business needs to have. Speaking to the marketing side of this post specifically, have a few comments.

– I really appreciate you adding in that one should create a roadmap of content. From experience this kept me from scrambling to know what to protagonist, do each week. Take some time, figure out the first month or two worth of emails and blog content. Hire someone that’ll do a great job on it in terms of industrial training, design and hero protagonist copy. – Then next I’d have to of Ophelia:, add a focus on growing an email list as one of the top priorities. Email conversion is STRONG and protagonist shouldn’t be overlooked. Start building a list as early on as possible. In Office! Get with a service to start up with like MailChimp (like you mentioned above) so you can grow on the cheap, but if you’re more established, checkout something like HubSpot for hero protagonist, it’s advanced features. Email can be a HUGE game changer for mcdonalds profit uk, Ecommerce and also for non-Ecommerce businesses! Finally… #128578; I came across this post from protagonist, Fizzle. Why Did Rejected The Treaty! Not only do they provide you with a simple one-page business plan template for hero protagonist, free, they also have some solid advice on making a plan that fits your business… check it out here:

Again. Awesome post, Sameer! Sameer Reddy says. Thanks for the kind words and the super thoughtful response. Couldn’t agree more with your thoughts on the united rejected email marketing. It’s a phenomenal way to validate your idea and gain customers before you even have a product. Mailchimp is very user friendly and a cost-effective option to start. Also, along those lines, Instagram is a really simple and hero fun way to Hamlet, build an protagonist, engaged audience before you even have a product. We’ve seen brands due this time and time again. Outerknown is a good example of fall of the of usher, this.

They had 30k+ IG follower (and I’m sure many email addresses) before they even sold their first product. With an audience like, they’re guaranteed to hit the hero market with a big splash. I agree coming up with a business plan even for industrial training, an e-commerce site is important. It really is hero protagonist a business and the united rejected the treaty of versailles you should treat it as such, you wouldn’t start a brick and hero protagonist mortar business without a well thought out plan. I write business plans and edgar allan fall house of usher grants, and it amazes me how people are not prepared to start a business. If you need any help or advice on protagonist starting a business, funding or with a business plan just let me know. Good article. Sameer Reddy says. Totally agree, Sherin. The reality is industrial training definition there are no barriers to hero protagonist, entry for an online ecommerce business (as compared to traditional brick and Essay on Gaden of Ophelia: mortar), so it can be tempting for entrepreneurs to jump right in without a well thought out plan.

Planning is never the fun part but it forces folks to really think about their vision and how to practically implement it. Thank you for such a detailed post about what I should consider! I really am the protagonist “just dive in” type and it’s hard for me to write out plans. I’ve always just kind of done things on the fly. Kenneth Stokes says. Would you happen to rotation in office, have this tutorial in protagonist pdf form? Darren DeMatas says. Let me know if you had any problems downloading it, Kenneth. #128578; could I have the Building Good Teams Essay pdf. format as well #128578; Thank you for the detail and startup-newbie-friendly guide. It’s a very useful help for Indonesian market where most people still believe that online thing is so magical that it does not need such plan as offline business does. Business books and guides can get you a long way in your journey.

It is important to have a good guide too from an individual. Thanks so much for your advice. I became frustrated trying to find info on writing a business plan for an e-commerce business. There’s ‘mountains’ of info from ‘mountains’ of sites on ‘How to make money online’ – unfortunately there’s practically ‘No’ info on hero protagonist how to put together a business plan to make all this ‘money online . ’ Youve certainly found a gap in Essay on Gaden Hamlet the subject and I sincerely thank you for doing so. You’d think some of these money making Gurus out there would’ve thought to hero, cover such an important topic but …? So Cheers matey. Job well done ? Is there a downloadable copy? Darren DeMatas says.

Not right now, sorry. Its something Id like to add though. Thanks for writing something about e-commerce business plans. I’m still struggling to relate the e-plan with the rotation in office traditional plan – what models (views) do I use? E-commerce based business are so much demandable nowadays. In this way, this article is hero effective even helpful too. And one thing I want to in office, say that, all of this point is important for hero, an e-commerce business. Building Good In The Essay! But figuring the business model is very very important.

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Scholars advance knowledge by making arguments about texts, issues, and hero protagonist topics. Here’s what Harvard faculty say about writing an argument. When scholars make an argument, they move past what is readily apparent or patently true. Uk? They do this by posing an analytical question, intervening in a debate, or explaining an important discrepancy in a text, issue, or topic. In this exercise, your goal is see how scholars write an protagonist, argument that responds to a question, problem, or debate. You will do this by color-coding the allan poe the of usher essential elements of an hero, introduction. 1) Prepare by reading “Making It Matter” below, to the right of the essays. This is a list of the essential ways scholars raise questions, define problems, and introduce debates that need an intellectual intervention.

2) Choose three or four essays and read just their introductions. 3) Use the of Ophelia: Hamlet highlighter to color-code the three-part structure of the introduction: one color for the thesis; one color for the problem, debate, or standard interpretation that the thesis intervenes in or arbitrates; and protagonist one color for the intervening vocabulary (such as but, however, although, or yet ). 4) Take note of what you are seeing. Which essays are using the three-part structure more explicitly? Which essays are using it more as a guiding principle? 5) Now reflect on what you are seeing. What do you imagine are the benefits of adopting or adapting the three-part structure of an introduction?

Why might you complement or complicate this structure in your own paper? This exercise will help you visualize the definition typical structure of an introduction to a scholarly paper. Hero Protagonist? It can be helpful as you write your own introduction to Essay of Ophelia: think in protagonist terms of problem–intervention–thesis. in McDonald’s Window Workers. 2009 Sosland Prize in Expository Writing. I n the early nineteenth century, the industrial revolution sparked an onslaught of socioeconomic change, bringing millions of former subsistence farmers, artisans and craftsmen into the factories across Europe and America. This permanently altered the nature of labor, as Karl Marx famously noted in his Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 . Marx suggested that industrial working conditions, which had become increasingly centralized, routinized and managed, had unprecedented impacts on Building Workplace Essay worker psychology. In this new environment, Marx theorized that workers were becoming increasingly “alienated” from the process and product of their labor, from protagonist, their fellow workers, and from their communal spirit. Industrial work no longer required craftsmanship or initiative because design and planning had fallen to a specialized group of knowledge workers. It no longer required community and motivation because the capitalist supplied the motive of Hamlet profit. Hero? Work was compartmentalized into units.

As Harry Braverman put it in his seminal 1975 book, Labor and in office Monopoly Capital , “the production units operate like a hand, watched, corrected, and controlled by a distant brain” (125). In the years since Marx, and even in the years since Braverman, the composition of the American economy has changed; the number of blue-collar workers in the service sector now dwarfs the number of those in traditional manufacturing and industrial jobs. Attempting to apply nineteenth-century theories of alienation to hero protagonist modern service workers, such as the McDonald’s window workers that Robin Leidner follows in Fast Food, Fast Talk , can lead to counterintuitive conclusions. Industrial-era alienation was easy to industrial training definition identify by protagonist the fact that it produced unhappiness. It was a straightforward formula: routinization, social deprivation, and close management all colluded to produce boredom and unhappiness. At first glance this equation does not seem to apply to Leidner’s McDonald’s interviewees; their work, though heavily routinized and managed, also requires a certain degree of social savvy, and mcdonalds profit uk the majority of hero them feel satisfied, in some cases even enthusiastic, about their work. Franchise Profit? Does that mean that work in the service sector, even work that primarily consists of routine actions and canned lines, is protected against alienation? Or alternatively, if we believe McDonald’s workers are still alienated in some sense, is a contemporary, service-sector form of alienation something we should be concerned about if it fails to cause unhappiness? These questions form the main objections against applying Marx’s theory of alienation to protagonist McDonald’s service workers.

These workers may not be alienated at all, and rotation if they are, they do not seem to mind too much. Hero? There is edgar allan fall of usher a strong case to be made for this argument, as will be seen from the hero protagonist wealth of evidence that seems to suggest so. However, this relies on franchise uk a fundamental misinterpretation of why alienation is significant. A closer reading of Marx reveals that alienation is not equivalent to routinization or unhappiness; rather, alienation is a distorted relation of the worker to himself, his human nature, and his fellow workers. Hero Protagonist? The chief crime of alienation is not that it causes unhappiness, but that it is wasteful of the “intelligent and purposive character” (Braverman 56) unique to human beings. Definition? Instead of expanding a worker’s creative and protagonist social identity, it stifles what Marx called a worker’s “species-being” as well as his human nature.

This is not a change that can be readily exhibited, described, or even identified by an alienated worker, let alone recounted to a reporter like Leidner. Because service-industry alienation is hard to quantify or verify, we are tempted to dismiss situations such as the and Using in the Workplace Leidner case, but this is a mistake. Instead we ought to reconsider how this century’s new, highly psychological context for labor relations might cloud our view of a human phenomenon that still exists, even in the service industry. W e start from hero protagonist, a relatively familiar framework: McDonald’s window workers are trained in routines that encompass every aspect of their work, from pushing buttons on machines that dispense fixed quantities of soda to following the “Six Steps of Window Service” script while taking orders (Leidner 72). It is Essay on Gaden Hamlet less clear that this is a major source of hero dissatisfaction among the workers. One worker tells Leidner that the in office Six Steps “work well” and another explains that “you can hit a groove…a kind of high… not…having to think about it any more” (Leidner 138). Hero? It seems that workers are trained to use and prefer to use the Six Steps because routines allow customers to stay predictable and workers to “expend as little emotional energy as possible” (Leidner 136). Of Ophelia: Hamlet? Quick, standard exchanges, Leidner reveals, had the added benefit of protecting workers from intrusive or uncomfortable personal conversations (146). Hero Protagonist? Given the long lines and customer expectation for speedy service, highly personalized conversations were often desired by neither party and on Gaden of Ophelia: Hamlet workers preferred customers who were “ready to give their order” (Leidner 143). As Leidner notes, McDonald’s management valued a friendly atmosphere but emphasized speed as their first priority; routines helped workers who “prided themselves on their speedy service” (143) to stay efficient and professional.

For those workers who desired more social contact, the hero protagonist Six Steps did not restrict them to robotic formulae. In this sense, the service sector diverges from traditional factory work and complicates some of Marx’s insights. Management had an interest in humanizing the McDonald’s experience, and workers were told to industrial act naturally, not in a stilted way that would have made customers uncomfortable (Leidner 73). Workers were taught to think of protagonist customers as “guests” so they would perceive their service as voluntary, respectful, and independent of any status differential that they might have felt as low-level service workers (Leidner 129). They could always add to their routines by exchanging pleasantries and getting to know regulars, and occasionally by providing extra services such as finding a child a Ronald McDonald hand puppet (Leidner 142), although other extra services, such as finding an empty Big Mac box and a plastic shovel, had to go through management (Leidner 141). Among workers, a fun, high-spirited culture full of affectionate teasing developed, and one woman even arrived at the store two hours early to “hang out” at work (Leidner 136). The United The Treaty Of Versailles? Workers reported mostly being treated well by managers, who took care to cultivate a comfortable atmosphere and who joked with crew trainers while discussing business (Leidner 80).

McDonald’s management style is obviously designed to keep worker morale high, a goal that seems favorable for protagonist, both the corporation and the workers. Psychological and, by all appearances, benign management does make the service industry appear less available to Marxist charges of alienation. Managers made an effort to notice and compliment good work, and profit uk incentives such as free meals and friendly sales competitions also motivated workers to work hard (Leidner 79). Of course, normal tensions arose when some managers strayed from “corporate directives” and used more authoritarian methods, but the corporate directives themselves were quite effective in hero protagonist encouraging good worker behavior (Leidner 81). Leidner even describes a scene in which a manager explains to workers that they need to mcdonalds keep labor costs down by scheduling the bare minimum of workers to a shift, and the workers agree that this policy is reasonable despite the hero burdens it places on and Using Teams in the Essay their workload (80).

Surrounded primarily by people they personally trusted and respected, McDonald’s workers were quick to identify with the store. S o where is the problem here? Leidner has a point in saying that “labor-process theorists who treat workers’ preference for jobs that are varied, challenging, and hero personally involving as a constant have not provided a satisfactory account of those workers whose responses to routinization are not entirely negative” (138). Perhaps Leidner is right: we are too quick to dismiss routinized jobs as uniformly unfulfilling. Clearly there are simple pleasures to be found in face-to-face contact, dependable routines, and a supportive work environment. In the McDonald’s case, mere brainwashing is allan poe the house too dismissive an explanation for the very real satisfaction that these workers seem to feel. However, we would also be hasty to dismiss Marx’s theory of alienation as irrelevant to the service sector and conclude that alienation has disappeared from the landscape because McDonald’s workers are free to give Ronald McDonald hand puppets to children. Hero? It seems more plausible that alienation has been veiled, qualified or re-coded—or even that we have not understood Marx’s theory of alienation well enough in rotation the first place. It may be appropriate here to hero protagonist return to Marx on “Estranged Labor” and delve into it more closely. Marx speaks of four types of alienation in Building and Using Workplace labor, which include alienation from the act of production, alienation from protagonist, man’s “species-being,” and alienation from profit uk, fellow workers (Marx 113-114). (For the time being I will not address alienation from the products of labor, as the changes between the industrial and service economies do not seem as significant.) Marx describes alienation from the protagonist act of production as labor that is “external to the worker,” that “does not belong to his essential being” and in which “he does not affirm himself but denies himself ” (110-112).

Because of edgar allan poe the of the house of usher this, “the worker therefore only feels himself outside his work” because “the worker’s activity is hero not his spontaneous activity…it belongs to another” (Marx 110-112). Because Marx conceives man’s labor as closely tied to man’s identity, this results in “the loss of his self ” and yields “ self-estrangement ” (110-112). This aspect of poe the of the house of usher alienation seems to rely strongly on a subjective measure of well-being, but Marx is more abstract in describing alienation from man’s species-being (Marx 112). For Marx, man, as distinguished from protagonist, animals, is uk a “species-being,” able to “universalize” himself through consciousness (Marx 112). This “species-being” is the basis for sociality in man, and also defines his relation to his labor, or life activity, which becomes the “object of protagonist his will and of his consciousness” (Marx 113). Under conditions of alienated labor, work is not directed by the will and consciousness of human nature but is the united of versailles merely a “means of satisfying…the need to maintain physical existence” (Marx 113).

As a result, man is protagonist unable to apply what makes him most human to his life activity, and his vistas narrow. Man’s focus now is only on his individual life, which “becomes the why did the united purpose of the life of the species” (Marx 112-113). Without the hero ability to why did the united states the treaty of versailles see man’s essential nature and hero universal species-being behind his own individual life, he becomes estranged as well from other men, “viewing the other in accordance with the standard and the relationship in rotation in office which he finds himself a worker” (Marx 115). Alienation, in the Marxist sense, is hero protagonist therefore not merely an emotion that can be expressed or identified, but a changed and disconnected relation to oneself and to the world. In other words, it cannot be fully described by of Ophelia: its effects on workers’ self- reported happiness. We have been looking for hero protagonist, the subtraction of utils (an imaginary unit used in and Using Teams in the economics for comparing utility, or happiness) when we ought to be looking for hero, the marks of a subtler conflict—something hardly to come up in conscious thought let alone in an interview with a journalist like Leidner. For instance, most workers prefer speedy, routine interactions to personal service, yet they go out of their way to find hand puppets and Big Mac boxes for why did states rejected the treaty, children. Workers say that their guests “make [their] day” yet they take anger out on these same customers when they’re in a hurry, rather than getting angry at each other or the managers (Leidner 136).

We can attribute much of this variation to personality differences between workers, whether the protagonist day has gone well, and other chance factors. However, the big picture seems to rotation in office show that these employees as a group experience conflict between their identities as social beings, as workers, and as loyal members of the McDonald’s corporation. T his sense of hero protagonist inner conflict is Essay on Gaden of Ophelia: no surprise to anyone who has ever held a job—it would be too much to protagonist ask for every act on the job to emerge seamlessly from our innermost consciences. This is obviously not a practical goal that we should take from Marx. However, there are aspects of McDonald’s window work that require prolonged and stressful suppression of workers’ personal needs and inclinations for the good of industrial definition McDonald’s profit margin, causing workers to act as though they feel “outside [them]selves” or alienated from the act of hero production (Marx 110). During times of high traffic, work is hectic; whenever there is “time to lean,” workers are instructed to clean (Leidner 78). One grill worker is edgar allan poe the of the of usher reprimanded for protagonist, taking a moment to industrial look at the work schedule because managers “did not want to pay workers for hero, a moment of nonproductive time” (Leidner 78). Workers eventually internalize this grueling work ethic, agreeing that it is only sensible for Essay of Ophelia:, the company to overwork the minimum number of workers possible rather than hire more and waste money (Leidner 80). They can only consent to being given unpredictable hours and paid unpredictable wages, so that McDonald’s can shift “the costs of uneven demand” to workers (Leidner 83). Window workers are also the targets of customer frustration and anger, as they are the only visible representatives of their corporation, but they also cannot respond because they have to maintain professionalism (Leidner 131).

McDonald’s use of protagonist suggestive selling, which instructs workers to prompt customers to states rejected the treaty of versailles order additional items, particularly provokes customer anger and worker humiliation as it cuts short any genuine sociability; suggestive selling, in other words, brings both of them sharply back into hero protagonist, the realm of scripted, profit-driven interaction (Leidner 140). In the Leidner study, workers regularly describe ways of dealing with customer abuse, and industrial definition have clearly grown accustomed to protagonist exercising self- control. In representing McDonald’s to the outside world and working for why did states rejected the treaty, the benefit of McDonald’s, workers more often than not have to put aside their own needs as human beings to serve the interest of the corporation—and even, in hero protagonist some cases, come to see it as what should be done, not only what must be done. This constant stress and strain in the process of labor contributes to allan of the of usher alienating workers from man’s species-being and from his fellow workers. Hero? Window workers’ creative processes are limited to variations on the Six Steps of Window Service, pleasantries, and an extra service now and then, but normally the mcdonalds franchise profit work is machinelike and a poor substitute for work that truly demands human ability.

The highly routinized nature of the job meant that workers could only challenge themselves by hero pushing for greater efficiency and Good Teams in the Workplace faster service, “hit[ting] a groove [and] not having to think about it anymore” (Leidner 138, 143). In times of hero protagonist stress, managers prioritized efficiency over of Ophelia: Hamlet friendliness, and tensions rose between workers and customers. The service routines and managerial supervision led workers to be impersonal and annoyed with slower customers, and to take out their anger on customers rather than management if something went wrong (Leidner 146). Workers’ need to be efficient for the sake of the corporation undermined the more social aspects of the job that the majority of them saw as most personally rewarding. E ven in hero workers’ normally tranquil relationships with one another, the interests of management can cause tensions to spring up. Leidner notes that carefully chosen methods allowed managers to extract the names of uncooperative crew people from their fellow workers (Leidner 80).

Cooperation between workers was encouraged, but not to Building and Using Good Essay such an hero, extent that they ever became a “powerful force for resisting managerial demands” (Leidner 133); as friendly as it might have been, Leidner reports, “the peer culture was not a unified one that could enforce alternative definitions of of Ophelia: Hamlet work” (134). Unless socializing among workers benefited McDonald’s, McDonald’s did not encourage it. Hero Protagonist? As a result workers and customers sometimes began to see each other as obstacles, not human beings, and workers could not fully develop true solidarity and unity with each other. These are all signs that alienated labor was breaking up normal human relations and replacing them with instrumental ones. A lienated from their work, their selves, their human nature, and other workers, McDonald’s window workers nevertheless manage to cope by carving and filling small niches of contentment. Why Did The United Rejected? The niches they create for themselves, the self-control they have learned to develop, and McDonald’s psychological management all combine to create an initially counterintuitive picture of hero contemporary alienation. The Leidner case demonstrates that Marx’s theory of alienation can be extended to cases that do not show all the outward symptoms of disease, but which do reveal signs of a growing distortion and tension between the self ’s needs and the limitless demands of Essay on Gaden of Ophelia: Hamlet alienated labor.

Alienated happiness is at best impoverished—we need to protagonist look beyond reported happiness to examine how alienated workers must struggle to reconcile their dual identities as corporate machines and as social human beings. Braverman, Harry. Labor and Monopoly Capital . New York: Monthly Review Press, 1975. Leidner, Robin. Why Did States The Treaty Of Versailles? Fast Food, Fast Talk: Service Work and the Routinization of Everyday Life . Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. Marx, Karl.

Economic and hero protagonist Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 . Industrial Training Definition? New York: International, 1964. Martin Luther King Jr.’s Troubled Attitude. Toward Nonviolent Resistance. 2011 Lawrence Lader Prize in Expository Writing. W hen it comes to the image of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr, there would seem to be little to hero debate: he was an idealistic martyr for civil rights, a man who pressed for his “Dream” through doctrines of nonviolent resistance, patience and redemption. In a certain sense, he is a model of what can only be described as superhuman restraint, godly wisdom and in office infinite love, and it was these characteristics that positioned King to hero protagonist lead a successful civil rights movement that transformed the basic social and legal framework of the United States. But this image of King persists despite a critical fact we have yet to address fully: in his later writings, King began to question his emphasis on definition patience, redemption and brotherly love. Where he professed in 1958 a “deep faith in the future” and the “democratic ideal of protagonist freedom and equality … for all,” a decade later he was conceding that his staunch belief in nonviolent resistance needed a different reckoning. Today, we seem to in office know little of the extent to which he found that his work had not achieved true equality, in hero his words, beyond a mere “absence of brutality and unregenerate evil.” We might be surprised at King’s admission that, after a decade of rejected the treaty work, “Negroes have established a foothold, no more” and protagonist that nonviolence had “not been playing its transforming role.” King in these later writings had lost faith in the transformative potential of his earlier belief in nonviolence, and Building Good Workplace it is a loss of faith we rarely acknowledge. How do we make sense of this change in King’s beliefs, and hero protagonist how do we account for our image of King as an unshakable crusader for nonviolent resistance, universal justice, and brotherhood?

It might be easier of us to franchise profit deal with King’s own professed inconsistencies and hero protagonist questions by mcdonalds uk ignoring them, dismissing them or marginalizing them. However, it would be deceptive to believe in such a depiction of hero King or to the treaty of versailles accept the enormous potential of nonviolent resistance as King originally presented it. Protagonist? To examine this unexplored transformation, we will consider works from the earliest and latest points of King’s civil rights career: his 1958 memoir Stride toward Freedom, a 1968 reflection called Where do We Go from Here?, and a 1968 reflection article titled “Showdown for Nonviolence.” By focusing on these moments that bookend much of his work, we can more clearly see the stark contrast in King’s changing ideology. There is, in the united states the treaty of versailles other words, an important shift in the course of King’s work that these moments highlight. Hero Protagonist? We may be tempted to understand this shift as simply a reflection of the difficulties of the edgar allan poe the house of usher time period, and to protagonist write off King’s wavering faith as simply his acceptance of the slow pace of change. However, this paper argues that we can better understand this radical transformation as King’s realization that change through nonviolent resistance had actually reached its potential.

This change suggests, simultaneously, that King’s strategy of nonviolent resistance had also reached its limits. B efore we ask why King shifted his stance on nonviolence, let’s take closer look at Essay on Gaden his troubled attitude toward it. Hero? In the 1960s, King reversed his original vision on race relations from a horizontal connection focused on reciprocity, brotherly love, and and Using Good in the Essay redemption to a more vertical, contractual, and antagonistic relationship. Despite King’s earlier prostrations for agape, or brotherly love, to define the African American’s relationship to the prevailing culture of the United States, the term is not mentioned in protagonist his 1960s writings. Forsaking his 1958 call for “understanding, redemptive goodwill,” King bluntly declared in 1968 that “White America has allowed itself to be indifferent to race prejudice and economic denial.” This marks an important shift in King’s thinking.

He previously had placed the burden of definition change on African Americans, and protagonist his writings reflected the belief that African Americans needed to forgive, love and exist peacefully with the prevailing culture of America. In 1958, King writes: “Agape is not a weak, passive love. It is and Using Good Teams in the love in action. Agape is protagonist love seeking to and Using in the preserve and create community. Hero Protagonist? It is states rejected the treaty insistence on community even when one seeks to break it…It is a willingness to forgive, not seven times, but seventy times seven to protagonist restore community.” By 1968, however, he begins to transfer that sense of agency to the united states whites. By referring to “[t]he future [that Americans] are asked to inaugurate…To end poverty [and] extirpate prejudice” in 1968, King attached important conditions to hero protagonist a race relationship that he previously approached with the language of unconditional love.

King’s change in language here can be described as a shift from a focus on religious goodwill and cohabitation to a more contractual obligation. The shift in King’s thinking is clear: agape was beginning to fade as a reality by the late 1960s. A cursory reading might construe King’s shift as a result of a change in the presiding sentiment in the white community at the time. The logic here is simple and compelling: in 1958, King could talk about agape because whites were responding to his ideas, but in 1968 the increased stubbornness of whites forced him to be more demanding. In other words, King was only as magnanimous in rotation in office his hopes for a communal racial order as the proportion of hero protagonist whites who appeared to be receptive to such a vision. However, there were no drastic positive changes in white behavior throughout the course of the 1960s. This cursory reading would also ignore the extent to which the white community in allan fall of the house of usher the late 1950s was uncomfortable with the thought of change. In 1958, for instance, King himself had decried the country’s “tenacious and hero determined resistance” to change as the very impetus of the civil rights movement; and in the yet, he managed to believe at hero the time in forgiveness and training redemption for the abuses the African American community endured.

In other words, this resistance from the prevailing white culture of hero protagonist America was largely the same a decade later, when King seemed to give up on why did states of versailles agape. Clearly, King’s altered understanding of race relations did not reflect a change in attitude in the prevailing culture of the United States. In fact, we could argue that it was quite the opposite: his transformation in thinking actually reflected a frustration with the lack of change in those attitudes. It is no secret that, even after historical civil rights legislation, African Americans continued to find their civil rights violated and continued to find equal employment a distant reality. Simply put, King had hoped that nonviolence would spark far more change. Protagonist? His sense of agape, however boundless, could never be realized when the prevailing culture remained unwilling to negotiate its social position and wealth. King’s discovery of the limits of industrial training definition his earlier tenets caused a change in hero tone from hopeful patience in 1958 to frustration in 1968. In 1958, for instance, King urged his followers to love for “the need of the other person” and “expect no good in rotation in office return, only hostility and persecution.” But King’s later writings became more aggravated.

In 1968, in his “Showdown for Nonviolence,” King reflected on his “bitter experience” even though he had cautioned his early followers against “succumb[ing] to hero the temptation of and Using Good Teams in the Workplace Essay becoming bitter.” In this article, King delivered a no-holds-barred account of the disappointments that marked the civil rights struggle for African Americans. He lamented the United States’ “tragic mix-up in priorities” (like spending more on the Vietnam War than on domestic programs) and hero its insufficient social legislation when compared to European nations. King concluded: “All of the misery that stoked the flames of rage and rebellion remains undiminished.” Statements like this reveal the extent to which he was becoming bitter at Teams the pace of social change envisioned by his original faith in nonviolence. Despite professing in 1958 to expect little more than “hostility and persecution,” King was becoming frustrated just a decade later. W hy, then, does the hero protagonist perception of King as a staunch idealist persist? One reason is because King continued to rotation speak in favor of nonviolence, agape and universal justice even as he was beginning to question their efficacy. Protagonist? It is difficult for us to franchise uk hear King’s misgivings on the strategy of nonviolence, in hero other words, when he vowed in franchise uk 1968 to continue to “preach it and teach it,” even if nonviolence were to fail.

In his “Showdown for Nonviolence,” he even spoke of a survey in Detroit that revealed a majority of people believed in the effectiveness of nonviolence, and in this writing he seems to pull great hope in his strategy of nonviolence from the hero public’s continued faith in it. But what we tend to miss in the united rejected of versailles his writings and his speeches are the important qualifications he himself makes: he warns about the inevitable violence from frustrated African Americans. Speaking about several recent job riots, King warned in 1968 that “The urban outbreaks are “a fire bell in the night,” clamorously warning that the seams of our entire social order are weakening under strains of hero protagonist neglect.” This was an Building and Using in the Workplace, idea King rarely brought up in his earlier writings, and when he did, they were more abstract. Hero Protagonist? (Compare, for instance, his language earlier, in 1958: “Forces maturing for years have given rise to the present crisis in race relations.” ) The disparity between his declarations and his qualifications are critical to understanding King as a more complex actor in Essay of Ophelia: the civil rights era of the 1960s, an understanding from which we should not exempt ourselves. However subtle his misgivings, we can see a growing sense in King that nonviolent resistance was not as capable of achieving the kind of equality that many had come to expect. But we also tend to continue believing in King’s image as a crusader of nonviolence because he seemed to be an advocate for protagonist, the poor, not just for the African American community. Such an emphasis on poverty rather than on race alone produces, for us, an image of true agape. This understandably gives us the impression that King remained committed to poe the fall house of usher nonviolence and to universal justice.

It is hard, in other words, to miss his belief in a universal march for equality when, in hero 1968, he recalled their collective work at protesting peacefully: “When we began direct action in Birmingham and Selma, there was a thunderous chorus that sought to discourage us. Mcdonalds Uk? Yet today, our achievements in these cities…are hailed with pride by all.” His emphasis on protagonist the collective “we” and on achievements “hailed with pride by all” helps to reify the impression we have of and Using Teams in the Workplace King as an protagonist, unwavering advocate of nonviolent resistance. Yet while King asserted that his movement would benefit whites and blacks, his explanations of why reforms were needed relied on examples strictly from within the African American community. Rotation? This focus on the African American community had the effect of potentially alienating poor whites who were eager to advocate King’s nonviolence campaign in the 1950s but found themselves out of hero place a decade later in a movement that seems less inclusive in the words of its leader. Why Did The United? For instance, when expounding on the “economic question” in 1968, King addressed the unemployment rate of African American youths. He noted, rather cynically, that “[w]hen you have a mass unemployment in the Negro community, it’s called a social problem; when you have mass unemployment in the white community, it’s called a depression.” By stressing the neglect that African Americans suffered from society at large, King set them apart as his primary focus and thus made his mention of benefits to impoverished whites seem like a passing suggestion rather than a goal he took as seriously as the hero eradication of black poverty.

T his essay has meant to on Gaden Hamlet be polemical, but it has also meant to suggest ways for further and protagonist more full inquiry into King’s radical transformation in his thinking. In 1958, as a newly championed leader, King invested so much time and energy under the allan fall of the house of usher banner of a philosophy he fully endorsed that he could not lower his hopes for hero, full equality for a moment. Yet when he stopped and reflected in 1968 about the extent of his achievements and how they measured up to Building and Using Good Teams in the his earlier predictions, full equality seemed even further beyond his reach than when he started. Protagonist? Confronted with the desolation of the situation and rotation the imminence of what he called a violent “holocaust” and “guerilla warfare,” King knew he had to make changes to hero his approach. He may not have outright abandoned the pacifistic idealism that brought him such fame, but he certainly began to question that idealism. He seems to have begun to adopt a more grounded realism. Teams Workplace? He still called his vision “nonviolent resistance” by name, but his new outlook demonstrably lacked many of the elements by protagonist which nonviolence was known to his fellow Americans, elements like agape, reciprocity, and patience. This does not mean, of course, that King should not be lauded for his persistence and his role in transforming the political, racial and economic landscape in the United States.

He remained, even in his most troubling moments with agape, a constant opponent to allan poe the of the house of usher violence. But we rarely consider King as an ordinary man, one who had his beliefs rattled and who began to evolve in his thinking. This gap in our understanding of the famed civil rights leader deserves further study. There are obviously more reasons and circumstances that would account for protagonist, this shift between 1958 and 1968 than this paper can address, and there are certainly more nuances to the accounting I have put forth. Mcdonalds? Why have we not detected such changes, and if we have, why are these changes discussed more openly? A more thorough line of protagonist inquiry into these questions would do well to start with an analysis of the Good Teams in the Essay media, which sensationalized and deified King in an effort to attract mass readership.

The media seemed intent on avoiding complicated analyses of the various dimensions of hero protagonist King’s character. We would also do well to rejected look at the way history is written, especially when it is relatively recent. When textbooks rely on newspaper accounts for a primary perspective on hero a vital player in American history, for instance, it is not surprising that students would come to adopt a similarly static conception of a figure like the Reverend King. Certainly, the 1960s was a time of great cultural change spearheaded by leaders such as King, and mcdonalds uk having stable actors for our retelling of protagonist such a tumultuous era helps lend a sense of constancy to the entropy of industrial training history. Protagonist? It is imperative, then, that we pay close attention to such a man’s words, particularly when they masked a deeper frustration. In Office? It is a contradiction that we should take care to explore. King, Martin Luther, Jr. “Showdown for Nonviolence.” In A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. , edited by James Melvin Washington. San Francisco: Harper Collins Publishers, 1986. King, Martin Luther, Jr.. Hero Protagonist? Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story.

Boston: Beacon Press, 2010. First published in 1958 by Harper Brothers. Page references are to the 2010 edition. King, Martin Luther, Jr.. Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community? Boston: Beacon Press, 2010.

First published in 1968 by Harper Row Publishers, Inc.. Page references are to the 2010 edition. The Problem with Documentary Poetry. 2011 Sosland Prize in Expository Writing. T here have been more genocides in the twentieth century than can be comfortably listed or discussed; and yet, for most of us, the horrors of history exist only at a remove. For the poet, this gulf makes the task of leveraging language to describe such horrors nearly impossible.

What words can confront the unspeakable? One approach, often taken in documentary poetry, attempts to ground the horror of atrocity in painful but brilliant imagery. In Carolyn Forche’s prose poem “The Colonel,” for instance, she invokes scenes of torture so specific we cannot help but imagine the physical realities behind her descriptions. The poem, which marks her experience visiting a military official at his house in El Salvador, vivifies the in office atrocity of protagonist torture in the clarity of detail: the salt and mangoes brought by a silent maid, the shards of house of usher broken glass nested in hero concrete retaining walls, the human ears poured on the floor like “dried peach halves” (16). Franchise Profit? Hers is protagonist a poem intended to document, but not necessarily discuss, her experience inside the Building in the Workplace Essay house of a torturer. It is, in short, poetry used as documentary to force us to witness atrocity. The sort of blazing imagery she uses is the mark of protagonist much of documentary poetry, and in office she combines this imagery with understated emotion to give the protagonist sense that what she has recorded lies beyond our ability to comprehend it. And Using Good In The Workplace? Her poem, in other words, lies wholly outside our normal experience, even as we are called to witness what it describes. This sort of poetry becomes troubling, then, because of the hero protagonist way it encourages us to read: we cannot presume to know what is edgar allan poe the fall of the house of usher beyond our own imagining. Hero Protagonist? Under such a scenario, we are more readily able to excuse ourselves from the poem, and we allow ourselves to feel we are not implicated in the situation it describes. Franchise? Poetry written about atrocity becomes problematic not so much because its language falls short of what it seeks to represent, but rather because it can or will not give us a means to respond to it.

The muted emotion in hero documentary verse like “The Colonel” forces us to remain silent. But how can we remain mute in the face of such tragedy? We might find an answer to that question in an extended reading of Building and Using Good Workplace a poem by Dan Pagis, an Israeli poet and holocaust survivor who escaped from a Ukrainian concentration camp at the age of 14. His most famous poem, written in pencil in hero the sealed railway-car, seems a ready example of training definition documentary poetry, one that on the surface promises to expose us to hero the locked innards of a boxcar bound for a death camp. In this poem, there is profit uk much to hero be read as documentary verse. Pagis never overtly appears in the poem, for why did rejected of versailles, instance; instead, we are given an achingly clear title, a pencil scrawl in a shut boxcar, and the cryptic words that follow; because the title here implies these words are not even his, one could argue this poem is more documentary than poems like “The Colonel.” That is, Pagis presents the hero protagonist “found” fragment as an artifact written by a victim, to which he appended a brutally simple, one-line explanation. If we further examine the Essay poem, however, we find it does much more than merely document a victim’s experience, and in doing so, it invites us to be far more than silent witnesses. In short, the work captures a vicious moment, with lines so harrowing that we become trapped in protagonist that boxcar. The poem, in other words, bridges the gulf between witness and experience by creating a situation that requires us to psychologically participate in it. The suggestion here is unmistakable: we cannot stop at the door of Hamlet horror and hero merely peer in.

In documentary poetry that deals with atrocity, our emotional distance from the scene of the indescribable is impossible. If documentary poetry is the poetry of detachment, Pagis’s poem refuses us that luxury. L et’s first consider the aspects of written in pencil in the sealed railway-car that identify it as documentary verse. On Gaden Of Ophelia: Hamlet? The title is perhaps our clearest indication of documentary: it frames the poem as an protagonist, artifact from the Holocaust rather than a poem composed after the fact; and we are led to believe we have found these terrible penciled words in a sealed boxcar, much the way Pagis himself suggests he discovered them. The initial effect of this phrasing is to create a dramatic remove between the unknown writer and Pagis, and between the unknown writer and us. The poem’s title is passive in the extreme, so much so that it would seem to remove all authorship. There is Building Good in the no poet speaking as witness, no subject excavating the sealed railway-car, no formal mechanisms of poetry that would mark it as verse. It is, quite simply, written in pencil in protagonist the sealed railway-car. The precision of the title only adds to its documentary character: the fragment was found “written in pencil,” the industrial training railway-car was “sealed.” In the original Hebrew of the poem, the sentence is composed using words that are far newer to the language than the rest of the poem – “pencil,” for instance, and “railway” – the effect of hero protagonist which is to distance the mcdonalds franchise profit uk title (and its audience) from the writing that follows. This distance makes the words seem like a fragment discovered long after the act of writing. The fragment itself, meanwhile, seems to exist in real time, with a message that was somehow cut off, and only later found: the sixth and final line of the hero fragment, “tell him that I,” ends suddenly on an incomplete appeal, and Good Teams in the Workplace it is here that we reach the horror of the hero situation.

The abruptness makes the line feel as if guards had caught the writer in rotation in office the act of protagonist documenting herself. Its end implies that this woman was cut short before her final expression of soul or self could escape her, and it is in this state of incompletion that the poem captures the allan fall house horrors it seeks to suggest. The poem’s title and broken scrawl become a way to document a moment. In this reading, the tragedy lies in the sudden end: the poem is a means to document a life interrupted. H owever, if we interpret this poem as the hero work of documentary, we perhaps rely too heavily on our immediate impressions of the poem’s title and ending. Industrial Training Definition? When we consider the fragment itself, particularly its sparse language and the double meanings of hero some of the original Hebrew, we find that the poem becomes much more participatory than its documentary title might suggest. The poem, as we will see, pulls us into mcdonalds franchise profit uk, itself until we become part of its telling.

Part of this is because the poem is cyclical, and as its terrible story repeats itself it has time to become more than a framed narrative from protagonist, which we can remain detached. Instead, its repetitions sweep us into the story being told; in our involvement in edgar fall of usher the story, we, too, find ourselves trapped in that sealed railway-car. It is this kind of inevitable participation that casts the hero protagonist documentary frame of the poem aside, and forces us to psychologically participate in its scene of horror. Before moving forward, then, it might be worth looking at the entire poem, with a closer eye on how it translates and on how the original Hebrew makes multiple suggestions for reading. The poem, in its entirety, reads: written in pencil in the sealed railway-car. here in this carload. with abel my son. if you see my older son.

cain son of adam. tell him that I. The title’s “sealed railway-car” is the first intimation of the industrial training definition poem’s overwhelming sense of containment, and the fragment that follows lays before us a sense of hero protagonist her inevitable destiny: Eve and those with her are trapped, “sealed” in with no escape, heading towards death. In the “railway-car” they are totally severed from the world outside, and the immediacy of the poem’s language demands that we, too, be present “here in this carload.” But a more careful reading here in the context of the and Using Teams original Hebrew suggests that the hero protagonist poem is why did the united states of versailles not so much fragmentary as it is cyclical. Consider again the poem’s last line, “tell him that I.” In Hebrew, the “to be” verb is hero protagonist contained within the subject, so “tell him that I” could just as easily be translated as “tell him that I am.” While neither phrase expresses a complete thought, “I am” reflects far more meaning back onto Eve herself; in it, Eve speaks to poe the fall say that she is, which could be read as a stronger statement of self than a general plea to a world outside. In other words, if we consider the translated ending as we did initially, “tell him that I,” the poem seems to sway much more toward the “documentary” interpretation already put forth: these are a woman’s final words, cut short, fragmented and later excavated, sent as a cry for help or hope into a world in which she no longer exists. The interpretation emerging from the original Hebrew, however, points toward a possibility that the poem itself is hero more cyclical than fragmentary: the training last line, “tell him that I am,” is to hero be followed by returning us to the first line, “here in this carload.” This would make sense. In Judaism, passages of scripture are read over Essay of Ophelia: and over; when one finishes reading, one goes back to protagonist the beginning to on Gaden start reading once more. It is possible that this poem is hero protagonist intended in a similar manner, that Pagis has constructed a poem that connects tell him that I am back to here in this carload. This cyclical interpretation is supported by the content of the fragment that is being repeated.

The name “Eve” in Hebrew is nearly identical to the word for life, which allows the sentence “I am eve” to easily read as “I am alive.” And so we can trace the continuing cycle of her survival: Eve is “here in this carload,” she is edgar poe the house of usher alive (for now). The poem has moved away from fitting neatly into the documentary context of hero protagonist its title. Instead, this reading of the poem lends it a reflexivity that draws us into it. This re-circulating writing asks us to re-examine the Essay on Gaden of Ophelia: Hamlet poem, to involve ourselves in it. In the examination, we become pulled into hero protagonist, its logic: in the poem’s never-ending cycle, there is no end to the words, and once their repetition has begun, there is no clear place for speaker or her audience to stop. Any end at all will seem forced. When the the united states the treaty outside world in this poem fades, in other words, the cycle draws our attention away from the documentary context.

Its pull serves to diminish the power of the documentary title, for as it wraps us into its desperate repetition, it pulls apart from the frame with its own momentum; the poem is totally self-contained, a universe apart. Eve’s last words are something we must imagine as she finally falls off the cycle, but they are not implicit in the title of the hero protagonist poem itself. We can picture them, but with terrifying latitude. Must the title and its suggestion of distance prove Eve’s death or did she die at some later time? Could “written” suggest these words are being “written,” instead of rotation in office that they were “written”? No matter our interpretation, the poem has sidestepped its initial enclosure into hero protagonist, something far more frightening: it has assumed an rotation, indeterminate end, and it has drawn us into it. Hero Protagonist? The poem’s cycle, once it begins, does not allow us to return to its title, and thus refuses us a return to our initial sense of documentary. The objective remove we are accustomed to experiencing at the hand of documentary verse is compromised as this poem turns in on itself; a human hand, a larger message, has become visible in why did the united rejected its creation. Hero? In the rotation process of iteration and protagonist reiteration, we become part of the process of in office writing. I f the protagonist problem of documentary poetry is that it separates us from what it summons us to and Using Good Teams Workplace witness, Pagis’s poem makes such detachment difficult.

But it is not just the cyclical nature of the poem that draws us in; also at work here is a universal narrative that we are meant to more readily comprehend than, say, a genocide as brutal as the Holocaust. So, where a more detached witness might read Eve’s words as her singular prayers as she recognizes her life ending, the Genesis narratives that Eve invokes make the hero poem more than the final thoughts of a dying woman. As the poem repeats itself, we re-examine the people who act and move within it, and we find that its cycle shifts again from Building in the Essay, a personal litany of a faceless woman to something far more universal. In other words, we might be led to interpret Pagis’s use of the Biblical name Eve as a conceit meant to emphasize the significance of each life lost in the Holocaust without having to name a particular individual; we might likewise read Eve in the poem as a conceit meant to emphasize the hero magnitude of the in office lives lost. But either reading would render Eve a generality. Eve, however, cannot be a generality; hers is protagonist a name and a word that encircles all of humanity, and it therefore implicates us in the terror of that shut boxcar. The loss of Eve is not just the loss of an originator of Essay on Gaden a people, but also the hero protagonist loss of our own ancestor, a threat to some fundamental part of our identity. In other words, the Building in the Essay poem is not a particular story about hero a universal person but a universal story itself. Its universality entwines with its more basic cyclical structure to transcend the limits of documentary verse: in light of the cycle of our history, we realize that no one merely “witnesses” atrocity. Let’s take a look, then, at a few of the instances in definition which this poem broadens past the prayers of a single woman. In Hebrew, the hero words “with abel my son” (3) can also be read as “the people of abel,” broadening the poem to rotation in office include multitudes.

The people of Abel, of course, are the people who are being killed. Cain, the “older son” referenced in line 5, is not simply the son of Adam; the roots of the protagonist word “adam” could imply that he is also “cain the son of blood,” “cain the son of the soil,” or, in the Hebrew turn of phrase, cain ben adam – “cain the human.” The poem’s narration of a Biblical story suggests that the atrocity it describes is, in definition some way, a repetition of hero protagonist a more primordial atrocity, perhaps the first homicide. More disturbing is the suggestion that this sort of atrocity is cyclical, that the Holocaust is but one more iteration of a violence that has yet to end. The poem reaches its own depth of terror here, when it marks that the edgar allan poe the fall house of usher true horror may not behind us, but within and ahead of us. Hero? We are alone with ourselves in the boxcar of our civilization. History in this poem may well be prophecy rather than past, and if so, it means it is a future we surely will have to face. The immediate suggestion in why did the united the poem, of hero protagonist course, is in office not the possibility of more horror on the horizon. Instead, the more urgent message is that we as readers cannot leave the boxcar. Its caged intimacy is not something from which we can separate ourselves. Pagis, in other words, does not tell a story that we can simply apprehend and therefore contain; rather, we are contained within it.

This is a containment achieved not only in the immediate situation of the poem but in the kind of human history it invokes in calling forth Eve. Protagonist? We are all still bound by our own ancestry, in on Gaden which the earth is not a roomy enough boxcar to separate us from other stories. We cannot frame our own story as documentary any more than we can document our story. The reasoning here is simple: we must also live that story and participate in it. Hero? When Pagis summons the heritage of all humanity into the railway-car, he demands not simply our concern but also that participation.

We must live the fate of Eve and not merely bear witness to it. That fate must invoke a visceral reaction, for “eve” is the proverbial mother of everyone; if she is caught by the guards in the act of documenting her life, if she herself dies, then what must this mean for us? The poem’s sense of inclusion is Essay of Ophelia: only broadened by hero the double meanings in its various shades of translation. Depending on how we understand the original Hebrew, we can read the poem as drawing entire groups of people into individual names; Eve is, in one translation, among “the people of abel,” and she is speaking of “cain the human.” Abel has grown from a brother to a tribe, and Building Good Essay Cain from an elder brother to “the human.” Their expansion suggests not only that the atrocity of the Holocaust is a form of repetition of some original act of violence, but also that we are still contained within the same family, that even a horror as systemized and protagonist impersonal as that which was sealed in the railway-car is fratricide, and that any instinct we have to rotation remove ourselves from these horrors is illusory. Eve’s capture and hero protagonist extermination is no longer an enclosed or discreet act of violence from which we can detach ourselves; it is terrifyingly intimate. In Office? Thus are we trapped inside the sealed railway-car with the poem’s desperate, unending repetition, and hero protagonist thus are we trapped inside the story of the poem. This isn’t to argue that the poem sidesteps its more immediate story of violence and genocide. Essay Of Ophelia: Hamlet? While the narrative it relates is an artifact of the Holocaust, its overtones are of a much older homicide that repeats itself.

It is in the light of this terrifying enclosure that the poem becomes participatory for us as readers: our enclosure transforms our act of witness into an act of involvement. W hile the circumstance that Pagis invokes in the poem is singular, his message about atrocity and witness has far greater implications. His is not the breathless horror of hero being shown a sack of human ears, of Building in the Workplace walking guiltless and detached into the house of a Colonel. Rather, in summoning Eve and Adam and Cain and Abel, he reminds each of protagonist us of our own vast capacity for horror, and reveals that this ancestral horror is one that is still renewing itself. Pagis intimates that the cold violence of the carload is a bloodshed from which no one is exempt. More profoundly, perhaps, the poem suggests that detachment is Good Teams Workplace Essay not blameless, that to persist in silence, to protagonist distance oneself from the boxcar, does not wash blood from our hands. We examine the role of “cain the human,” the absent child to whom Eve is appealing, and we find that though there are several ways to interpret Cain’s role in the poem, one truth is clear: though Cain is “human,” and though his connection with the sealed railway-car is uncertain, he is still marked with the of versailles blood of his sibling. There are none who go unimplicated.

The consequences of detachment, moreover, are terrifying. Protagonist? In the fragment Pagis offers, it is not simply Abel who is why did the united the treaty of versailles being killed, as in the Biblical story, but also Eve. The story has been twisted on itself in hero protagonist the intervening centuries, and the death of Eve suggests that it has spun out of control, that it promises an irreparable negation of parts of our identity. For, while the scriptures hold that Cain and Abel had another brother, there was only Essay ever one Eve. Hero Protagonist? Her death would be an irreparable contortion of the human mythology. As such, the threat on Eve’s life in this poem is not simply a repeating pattern in human history but an atrocity that has become twisted as we attempted to remove ourselves from in office, it. Protagonist? Though we may attempt to contain atrocity and to distance ourselves from what proceeds in sealed spaces, we still cannot absolve our responsibility or negate our heritage. In fact, in allowing such detachment, we might allow the atrocity to rotation consume us all.

It is in participation, and not in protagonist witness, that we have hope in understanding; it is likewise in participation, and not in witness, that documentary poetry can apprehend what is mcdonalds franchise otherwise impossible to hero articulate. And perhaps it is ultimately in industrial training definition participation, in the transfer of the mind that shows us inside every boxcar we construct, that the cycle of horror in our history may finally be made to cease. Forche, Carolyn, “The Colonel.” The Country Between Us . Hero Protagonist? New York: Harper Collins,1981. Print. Pagis, Dan. “written in pencil in the sealed railway-car.” The Selected Poetry of Dan Pagis . Trans. Stephen Mitchell. Berkeley: U California P, 1996.

Print. Elucidating the Current State of Tuberculosis. Through Maternal HIV/TB Coinfection Data. Collection in Sub-Saharan Africa. Though controlled in most developed nations, tuberculosis remains one of the World Health Organization’s primary focuses. Building And Using Essay? Their Millennium Development Goals reflect the need to hero combat tuberculosis incidence, particularly among regions like sub-Saharan Africa, whose lack of resources and poor living conditions make it highly susceptible the disease. Before the World Health Organization takes further action in its fight against global tuberculosis, they must first re-evaluate the current state of the disease in the regions it affects most. Unfortunately, poor health care systems combined with a lack of proper data collection make it difficult to ascertain the and Using Good Teams in the Workplace effects of tuberculosis in developing nations. What is known, however, is hero protagonist that not only does tuberculosis affect women more than men, but also that women comprise 70% of HIV-infected adults in rotation sub-Saharan Africa. Additionally, those infected with HIV are more vulnerable to contract tuberculosis. I argue that efforts to determine the incidence of hero tuberculosis should begin by focusing on the most vulnerable population: HIV-infected women in sub-Saharan Africa.

To do this, I propose a study of women at maternal health clinics, through which more accurate data may be obtained and subsequently used to mcdonalds profit uk alter current global tuberculosis initiatives. W ith 1.77 million deaths in 2007 (Glaziou et al. 2009), tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the world’s most troubling public health issues. As a result, the World Health Organization (WHO) has established a series of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that focus, in part, on combating diseases like HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome), malaria, and tuberculosis (as described in Glaziou et al. 2009). Protagonist? While these goals are an important motivator for the strategies of rotation global health professionals, the likelihood of achieving the goal of complete TB eradication by 2050 is protagonist slim. Inaccurate data collection impedes global health professionals’ abilities to industrial training definition accurately assess the state of TB which, in turn, affects their strategic allocation of resources.

Particularly in hero protagonist poor regions of the globe like sub-Saharan Africa, health care facilities lack adequate personnel, training and the united rejected of versailles supplies to accurately document infectious disease statistics. Therefore, WHO may not understand the hero protagonist true burden of disease within a region, as it is not supplied with sufficient information. In short, this lack of accurate data inhibits efforts toward the industrial training definition sixth MDG’s ultimate aim of TB eradication. To address this issue, I propose a study at maternal health clinics that focuses solely on obtainment of hero quality data among one of the mcdonalds most vulnerable populations: HIV-positive women in sub-Saharan Africa. N ot only is sub-Saharan Africa one of the most TB-afflicted regions, but it also harbors a high prevalence of HIV. Women, in particular, comprise 70% of HIV-infected adults in sub-Saharan Africa (Marais et al. 2010) and thus face a greater risk of also contracting TB (CDC 2010).

Therefore, my new initiative targets the accurate assessment of hero TB in this particular sub-population of HIV-positive women. WHO can then use these data to better determine what measures to training definition enact for all populations moving forward toward the goal’s deadline of hero protagonist 2050. The relationship between TB and rotation HIV in women may be representative of some broader trends of the disease in other developing nations. Therefore, by understanding this association between HIV and hero TB among women in sub-Saharan Africa via more accurate data, the results can be applied to other populations, helping tailor WHO’s advance toward complete eradication by Building Teams Workplace 2050. While TB and HIV are presently cited as separate infectious diseases within the sixth MDG (as described in hero protagonist Glaziou et al. 2009), research has demonstrated a strong link between TB and HIV. Not only do individuals with HIV have a higher risk of profit uk developing TB (CDC 2010), but TB also serves as one of the most common causes of morbidity and the most common cause of death in HIV-positive adults in developing regions (Corbett et al. Protagonist? 2003).

Furthermore, WHO discovered that 13 of the 15 countries with the highest estimated TB incidence rates are in allan of the house Africa, which they attribute to high rates of protagonist HIV coinfection (Glaziou et al. 2009). Definition? These findings illustrate a strong association between HIV and TB for two main reasons: if a woman has HIV, she is more likely to contract TB (CDC 2010); and most people with HIV die because they are also infected with TB. Exploiting this relationship in my study will allow WHO to formulate conclusions for hero protagonist, how to effectively direct its actions in pursuit of the sixth MDG. However, simply designing a study that tests all individuals in franchise profit uk sub-Saharan Africa for HIV and TB is impractical and inefficient. As an alternative, since women account for 70% of HIV-infected adults in hero protagonist sub-Saharan Africa (Marais et al. 2009), HIV-positive women in particular will provide the most useful data for elucidating the current state of TB in the sub-Saharan region. W ith a justified population of interest in place, the next component of my study requires the election of a specific sector of women that can consistently be evaluated for TB and HIV. Because the greatest burden of TB in women is during childbearing years (Marais et al. 2009), my solution implements HIV/TB screening in several sub-Saharan maternal health clinics over a six to twelve month period.

Upon arrival, trained WHO professionals will test the patient for both HIV and TB. For this study’s short amount of time, WHO will focus strictly on the accurate compilation of TB and HIV prevalence data among the women, and not immediate treatment following a positive diagnosis. These data, collected by trained WHO employees, will supply global health professionals with credible information to discuss how to better address the why did states the treaty lack or presence of HIV/TB coinfection in protagonist these endemic areas. Though TB occurs most frequently in developing regions of the world (WHO 2009), a lack of and Using in the Workplace information impedes an accurate assessment of the true gravity of the situation. Data collection in sub-Saharan Africa is hero generally poor, inconsistent, and at times, inaccurate. Laboratory errors, lack of notification of cases by public and edgar allan poe the fall of usher private providers, failure to identify patients as TB suspects, and lack of access to health care combine for inconsistent and protagonist inconclusive data collection in these regions (Glaziou et al. 2009). Rotation In Office? For instance, TB infection can exist in two forms: latent and active TB disease (CDC 2010). Protagonist? A latent infection does not make one sick whereas active TB disease preys on an insufficient immune response. Both are characterized by TB pathogens living within the body, but only a person with active TB disease will display symptoms and be contagious (CDC 2010).

In regions with poor health care systems, a latent TB infection may go undiagnosed because the rotation in office person would appear physically normal. Hero? If WHO analyzes and addresses TB based on these inadequate data, health professionals’ ability to effectively allocate funds, personnel, and energy with respect to the MDG of TB eradication is obstructed. Therefore, my study focuses solely on why did the united states of versailles the obtainment of accurate TB data to later be used for planning and executing the next wave of hero WHO action. A ccurate data collection is crucial to any health response strategy, but with respect to infectious disease it bears even more importance. The inconsistency and inaccuracy in data collection pose significant handicaps for training definition, achieving complete eradication by 2050, as the combination contaminates WHO’s perception of the actual current severity of tuberculosis. For example, perhaps cases of TB in developing regions are underreported; people may not have access to health care and die of TB before ever receiving a diagnosis. A useful data report, such as the one my proposed study will provide, contains the following: a carefully chosen, controlled group of people; diagnoses performed by trained health care professionals; and a designated period of hero protagonist time for the united states rejected the treaty, data collection. Hero? For my study, WHO-endorsed health care professionals in maternal health clinics will diagnose the controlled group of people, women in sub-Saharan Africa, over a six to twelve month period.

W hile my study contains all the in office basic, necessary components for successful data collection, the hero results may indicate some surprising statistics regarding TB in these regions. The greatest concern is a potential upsurge in the incidence of Good Teams in the Essay TB in comparison to previously reported data. While this may appear to protagonist be because of a rise in TB, the most likely cause is an improvement in data collection and analysis. For example, WHO discovered that the death rates in HIV-positive people in years leading up to and including 2007 were substantially higher than their previously published estimates; they attribute this not to an increase in the number of the united rejected the treaty of versailles cases, but to protagonist enhancements in rotation in office analytical methods (WHO 2009). My study may produce similar findings, though it, too, illustrates an improvement to data collection rather than an increase in TB incidence among sub-Saharan individuals. My study also delivers anticipation of possible HIV/TB coinfection rates as high as 70-80%, as asserted by Dharmadhikari et al. (2009). In their study of sex-trafficked Nepalese girls and women, they discovered that 88% of protagonist TB cases were HIV coinfected, data which they assert “are not dissimilar to HIV coinfection among TB-infected persons in some sub-Saharan African countries” (Dharmadhikari et al. Definition? 2009:544). Hero Protagonist? While this was a specific study of an isolated population, it certainly lends support for my proposal, given the aforementioned high rates of HIV in women of industrial training sub-Saharan Africa.

T hese new, more accurate data will allow WHO to take a more efficient approach toward eradication of TB by 2050. For example, perhaps high rates of coinfection will imply that more money and resources should be spent on HIV treatment and prevention, which in turn may lower the risk of TB. Though my study exposes the hero current state of TB among women in the sub-Saharan region, WHO may use these data to edgar fall of the of usher infer information about TB/HIV rates in men as well. While the hero protagonist discrepancy between TB rates in men and women has long been attributed simply to biological differences, WHO posits that this difference can be essentially negated by immunological suppression due to HIV (WHO 2009). Thus, using HIV-positive women as the subject of my study may provide even more benefits than just understanding rates within this demographic.

These few examples demonstrate how my data may provide valuable insight for the next step toward the allan of the house goal of complete TB eradication. The most useful victory that can come from my suggested study, however, is an accurate snapshot of the current state of tuberculosis in this region, for protagonist, the study focuses specifically on quality data collection. With reputable information at its disposal, WHO can then assess, evaluate, plan, and execute new measures to combat tuberculosis by the year 2050. Corbett EL, Watt CJ, Walker N, Maher D, Williams BG, Raviglione MC, Dye C. 2003. The growing burden of tuberculosis: global trends and interactions with the HIV epidemic. Archives of Internal Medicine. 163(9):1009–1021. Dharmadhikari AS, Gupta J, Decker MR, Raj A, Silverman JG. 2009. Tuberculosis and HIV: a global menace exacerbated via sex trafficking. International Journal of Infectious Diseases.

13(5):543–546. Glaziou P, Floyd K, Raviglione M. Rotation In Office? 2009. Global burden and epidemiology of tuberculosis. Clinics in Chest Medicine. 30(4):621–636.

Marais BJ, Gupta A, Starke JR, El Sony A. 2010. Hero Protagonist? Tuberculosis in women and children. Lancet. 375(9731):2057–2059. [WHO] World Health Organization. 2009. Epidemiology. In: [WHO]. Global tuberculosis control: Surveillance, planning, financing.

WHO Report 2009. Fall House Of Usher? Geneva: WHO. 2010 Lawrence Lader Prize in Expository Writing. B eauty doesn’t usually come in gray — nor in pallid skin and dirty clothes. It did, however, for Edouard Manet. In The Street Singer, an oil painting from about 1862, Manet sidestepped what had become a firmly-rooted tradition of beauty in the visual arts. Hero? He immersed the on Gaden large, towering canvas of The Street Singer in muted hues, linearity, and flatness rather than in vibrant colors and gentle curves.

His painting is atypical even in hero protagonist its subject, an unflattered street performer exiting an equally unglamorous cafe. Why Did The United States The Treaty Of Versailles? It rejects idealized conceptions of beauty and elevates coarseness and transience. However, Manet painted The Street Singer with a formal unity and complexity befitting a subject of uncommon beauty, even if that subject is hero a “common” cafe singer. Mcdonalds Profit Uk? The Street Singer may not seem beautiful, at least in a conventional sense; instead, the painting embodies an inclusive, un-idealized aesthetic, one incarnated in the looming yet indifferent presence of a singer. It is a new aesthetic that Manet leveraged against the otherwise stiff standards of his viewers.

In doing so, Manet continues to push us to question beauty itself even today. The Street Singer suggests that beauty can be defined by hero inclusiveness rather than narrowness, by the un-idealized in rejected of versailles place of the flawless. Perhaps most important, the protagonist painting suggests that a common cafe singer warrants the same craft and complexity as a more traditionally beautiful subject. B efore we can see how Manet constructed his aesthetic, we should probably consider how he deconstructed the aesthetics of his contemporaries. In order to depart from conventions of beauty, Manet omitted several conventions of rejected technique, including common artistic tendencies like chiaroscuro, careful finishes, vibrancy, and curvature. Notice, for instance, how Manet depicted the figure’s dress: it is relatively drab, flat, unornamented. He used angularity across the painting rather than the luscious, curved lines that might suggest a more normalized (if sensualized) depiction of beauty. To put it bluntly, Manet’s depiction of the figure is neither delicate nor particularly alluring. Her face appears flattened by uniform values and by the darkness surrounding her; shadows line the insides of protagonist her eyes; and mcdonalds franchise uk the cloth of hero her dress is not the clinging, translucent drapery of classical sculpture or Romantic painting, but rather a relatively shapeless, de-feminized mass. Essay On Gaden Hamlet? The singer’s shoulders sag, her left hand hangs loosely and hero protagonist slightly contorted, and her eyes look empty rather than inviting.

Formally, the painted surface remains unpolished, with brushstrokes easily visible in several areas of the painting: at the base of the Teams in the Essay dress, in the guitar, on the edges of the hero doorway. Why Did States Rejected The Treaty? In these choices Manet set himself at hero odds with some of the franchise uk values of his contemporaries. He painted his singer with certain attributes clearly omitted. These attributes and techniques make up artistic traditions that might seem, both to us and to Manet’s contemporaries, necessary conditions for beauty. Yet to hero protagonist call The Street Singer unconventional is not to call it unskilled. In this sense, Manet’s painting has the rotation in office potential to split two traditionally linked elements: the conventional, ideal beauty of the subject’s portrayal and the effectiveness of the artist’s formal execution. Compositionally, The Street Singer is actually unified and even elegant. (Click here to launch an interactive viewer of The Street Singer from Boston’s Museum of Fine Arts.) Almost every line is hero echoed in Essay Hamlet another place: the angles of the singer’s shoulders reappear in the tops of the doors; the guitar creates clear parallel lines with the dress trimming; the dress’ folds match its edge; and vertical lines repeat on both the hero protagonist sides and in the center of the painting. Definition? Further unity comes from a consistent color palette and a uniformly geometric (and vertically symmetric) construction, as is clear in the centered triangle of the woman. Design and technique, then, are in fact strong in The Street Singer, even if they are not in the service of an ideal beauty. They instead elevate the relatively unglamorous subject of a cafe performer. T o reconcile the coarseness of the woman depicted with the quality of the depiction itself, we must sever formal skill from traditional beauty.

This decoupling starts to legitimize new subjects like street performers: it implies that they do, in fact, deserve to be painted with care and skill. If Manet was legitimizing new subjects, then the protagonist validation of his subject matter and style seems a central concern of The Street Singer. Here Manet found ways to assert the validity of mcdonalds franchise profit uk his painting’s depiction by giving the singer visual emphasis and a commanding presence. Protagonist? Her body is emphatically centered in the frame, and pulls out from the background because of contrasts in detail and color around her. Light tones highlight her right side, while the guitar’s yellow sheen emphasizes the Good in the Workplace Essay left; both underscore her form as the painting’s dominant compositional element. She becomes firmly concrete, and nearly architectural, by hero the stark opacity and states rejected of versailles pyramidal construction of her dress. The singer fits into protagonist, the space as would a statue, gently surrounded by poe the an arch-like curve formed by the doors behind her. Linearity makes the painting seem all the more architectural, forcing a focal point where the most defined lines (the sides of her body) converge like a vanishing point. And the same angularity and flatness that de-romanticize her also communicate the inherent solidity of a triangular, rigid geometry. What depth we do find – the shadow on the ground, the lighting in the doorway, the seeming recession of the cafe – serve to visually force her forward. Protagonist? These compositional details help emphasize and thus legitimize an otherwise atypical approach.

And yet, Manet painted an emotional distance between his subject and his viewers. For Manet’s contemporaries, a “proper” figure likely would have been more alluring or actively engaged with its audience. Artists might have drawn on mcdonalds franchise mythology and hero protagonist depicted tempting, voluptuous women, presenting beauty as mythic rather than realistic. Industrial Definition? (For an example of a more typical depiction of such figures, see Alexandre Cabanel’s Birth of hero protagonist Venus). But Manet’s aesthetic here remains singular even when compared to artwork that depicts musicians. Jules-Joseph Lefebvre’s Autumn (also known as Girl with a Mandolin) and Building in the William-Adoplphe Bourguereau’s Gypsy Girl with Basque Drum, for example, comprise sentimental depictions of a more idealized subject. Hero? In The Street Singer, on the other hand, we are drawn to and Using Workplace Essay the singer’s face. Almost all of the lines on the dress converge on protagonist her visage, where the paint is already the brightest and has the most contrast. However, we do not necessarily find her face enticing, and it is certainly not mythic. A dark halo of hair accents her face, and she looks toward us to why did the treaty of versailles make it the indisputable focal point.

But the cues that direct our gaze to her face only protagonist underscore the idleness we found there. She is unfocused on her actions, and her stare is blank. The left and right sides of her face seem, on closer inspection, to differ in expression: one side of her mouth appears open, the other looks closed; one eye reflects light, the other seems opaque. She is Building Teams Workplace too absorbed to notice the cherry she eats, the guitar she so absently carries, or the slow steps she takes. Hero? And she holds her body loosely, with sloping shoulders and relaxed limbs. Her lack of attention creates a lack of direction, too, so while we note her immediate motion, we have no sense of where she is going. If anything, it seems as if she is wandering languidly, with neither a destination nor a connection with the viewer. Thus Manet painted a woman whose physical nearness is offset by an emotional gulf. Rotation? Just as he managed to demonstrate formal skill without ideal beauty, he painted the figure to appear close, even as she distractedly ignores the viewer. So Manet’s painting seems near to us, yet remains psychologically far away. From that state The Street Singer can render the viewer feeling inconsequential.

The sheer size of the canvas and figure only magnify the singer’s detachment. Her architectural presence places her high in the frame; her feet, obscured by shadow, are hidden enough that she seems to float over us. Even if the painting were displayed at ground level, the protagonist figure would seem above the ground and therefore above us. By making The Street Singer large (almost six feet tall), Manet in turn makes us small. It is mcdonalds uk as if she stands upon a stage and we sit in the audience, our location irrelevant except in protagonist relation to her form in profit the spotlight. And like a lead actress, she commands our attention while withholding hers. Whatever knowledge she might be privy to hero remains singularly hers. But we remain ignorant of her identity, her emotions, and her destination, and this redounds to making us inconsequential in Essay Hamlet front of the painting.

The world we perceive essentially ignores us, as she walks by with an empty glance and as the faint figures in the cafe continue to eat and drink. Yet that world draws us in. We became implicated in it, as well as subservient to it: we are by association made part of what we witness, thrust into the life of the street. Looking at hero protagonist The Street Singer, we can begin to feel its indifference as a kind of domination. Vis-a-vis the painting, we feel a towering presence. Of course, The Street Singer is complex enough to remain open to other readings. On first glance a viewer might find it simply unappealing, either meritless or rebellious without much reason.

However, the rotation painting’s unity, deliberateness, and shrewd characterization of the figure should render such an objection groundless. Protagonist? Even if we find the painting distasteful, it would be hard to deny that it is compositionally skillful. On the other hand, one could argue that The Street Singer simply depicts the sad ramifications of poverty, making it a genre scene in the fashion of artists like Pieter Breughel the Elder or Caravaggio. But if this were a sentimental genre scene, seeking pity or understanding, a more emotional appeal would have served Manet better than the idle, empty look he employed. Rotation? Smallness would have drawn greater pity, and placing her lower in the frame would have encouraged greater empathy. Manet did not depict the street singer as “downtrodden,” as she is neither small nor defeated.

In this scene, we are the small; we are the defeated. She does not offer the feeling of a common humanity among us. Instead, she holds power over us. W hat better way to reject the conventional than by defying the expectations of a more conventional audience? The preoccupied gaze that meets our interested stares speaks to hero protagonist us as viewers, but more specifically to our values. If our lives are hardly worth a glance, then what of our taste in art? Thus Manet bestowed upon mcdonalds franchise profit uk, The Street Singer a power greater than either visual supremacy or psychological influence: he challenged the very notion of beauty. The painting begins to hold sway over an audience, and starts to scuff our conceptions of a “perfect” beauty. Hero Protagonist? If this is true, perhaps we can finally understand the new aesthetic Manet has to poe the of the of usher offer.

Even common subjects, and common people, deserved Manet’s particular craft and artistic attention. It is important to note, at end, that Manet seemed to avoid claims about what is beautiful, or even explicitly how to portray beauty; it is likewise possible that he presented no clear agenda here, no concrete rules for a “correct” method or an “appropriate” subject. In other words, it might be more accurate to say that he expands the realm of aesthetics to hero protagonist allow for a multiplicity of subjects and modes of representation, rather than prescribing any particular one. He did, after all, leave us a complex and multifarious body of work. We can therefore define his aesthetic by the possibilities it leaves open: if he resisted strict rules, he remained open to various subjects and industrial various modes of representation. In offering us another angle in The Street Singer on this new aesthetic, in other words, he did not lay claim to an absolute standard. To do so, after all, would mimic the oppressiveness Manet seemed to be disputing in this painting. The implications of that dispute extend past the elevation of a single subject, or the hero protagonist disruption of a single artistic trend. The Street Singer remains as forceful and impossible to ignore as what Manet seemed to assert here. An aesthetic of new subjects, new techniques, and new values – an aesthetic that belittles neither beauty nor reality by idealization – was beginning to emerge.

Bouguereau, William-Adolphe. Gypsy Girl with Basque Drum, 1867. Private collection. Cabanel, Alexandre. The Birth of Essay of Ophelia: Hamlet Venus, 1875. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Gift of John Wolfe, 1893. Hero? 94.24.1.

Lefebvre, Jules-Joseph. Autumn (Girl with a Mandolin). Private collection. Manet, Edouard. The Street Singer, about 1862. Edgar Poe The Of The House Of Usher? Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Hero? Gift of Sarah C. Sears, 1966. 66.304.

Constructing the Perfect Female Figure. 2008 Sosland Prize in Expository Writing. “The corset will live as long as the innate desire to please lives in woman’s heart…One can destroy a religion, overthrow a government; against the corset one can do nothing!…Hail, O corset! You are blessed by in office all women, and even those whom nature has overwhelmed with gifts cannot pass your competitive exam…May your power grow still greater, if this is possible, and may your name be glorified all over the earth…Amen.” —Advertisement for Leoty corsets, La Vie Parisienne , 1886:127. O f all kinds of human striving, the pursuit of beauty is the most romanticized, the most visceral, and the most elusive. We do not pen sonnets to hero exalt brilliance or commend late-night studying; we do not compose symphonies to honor terrific strength or recognize arduous weight training. No: we celebrate wit, daring, bravado, honesty, and faithfulness—qualities of character, not of mcdonalds franchise profit uk arbitrary genetic advantage. Yet, we also revere physical perfection, which, unlike character, is entirely out of our own control. Or is it?

As long as there has been henna, rouge, chalk, flax, oil, or even water, women have scrubbed, stained, stretched, and sculpted their bodies to fit the beauty conventions of their time. The acceleration of beauty technology in the 19th and 20th centuries, whether in makeup, surgery, chemical treatments, or restrictive clothing, has left very little beyond control. Today, it seems that beauty can be earned, not simply inherited, and, suddenly, that “there are no ugly women, only lazy ones” (Helena Rubinstein, qtd. in hero Riordan, 2004:vii). Technology has truly freed women from the shackles of their genetic heritage. But it has also made them slaves to constant striving.

The democratization of beauty did not make attaining it easy. If science has made each woman more beautiful, it has also raised the stakes for all women. The Victorian-era corset perfectly exemplifies how a once-sensible preference for health and vitality was exaggerated by technological progress into Teams Essay, an irrational obsession. Indeed, no other single physical characteristic can compete in importance to hero the stylized “hourglass” figure of the human female. Nose length, hair luster, neck arch, nail sheen—these are minor considerations next to the endless quest for the perfect figure. Profit Uk? And though fickle fashions have, at different times, prized emaciated bones, wiry muscles, voluptuous bulges and slender curves, the hero protagonist preference for comparatively small waists and in office wider hips has remained constant. This 0.7 to 1 waist-to-hip ratio is itself a kind of “Golden Number,” albeit one that few women actually possess (Etcoff, 1999:194).

The whalebone and steel corsets of the 20th century are perhaps the most infamous technologies dedicated to this pursuit. And they have generated a veritable cottage industry of hero protagonist debate. Everyone from evolutionary biologists to on Gaden Hamlet contemporary feminists has sounded off on the origins of the comically tiny waists of the Victorian era. But the hero answer to this phenomenon lies somewhere in between their theories: corsets were the inevitable consequence of a mismatch between the aggressive pace of technological development and evolutionarily stagnant human preferences. Though my analysis it is unabashedly hetero-normative, partly to fall reflect the hero protagonist cultural dominance of strict gender roles in industrial the corset’s time, and partly to simplify my own task, it speaks to questions of self-image that all women face no matter what their sexual orientation. And though it is focused narrowly upon the female sex, ignoring men altogether, it speaks to the endless struggle for self-improvement and rejection of natural boundaries that all humans face no matter what goals they set for hero protagonist, themselves. What is the cost of the endless pursuit of definition perfect beauty, aided by hero protagonist all the imperfect arts that human progress has afforded us?

And if our imperfect intuitions lead us to reach beyond the natural into the realm of fetish, can we accept the alternative of ceasing to strive altogether? I t began innocently enough. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the Building and Using in the Essay first recorded men- tion of the protagonist word “corset” is a 1299 account of the fashions at the court of King Edward I (qtd. in Etcoff, 1999:194). For many centuries, corsets were an rotation, accessory of noble ladies; little more than a thick cloth bodice, they constricted the waist lightly and emphasized the breasts (Steele, 2001:6). But with the first true corsets, made of “whalebone bodices” in the early sixteenth century, came the first cases of tight-lacing, the process by which “young Virgins…thinking a Slender-Waist a great beauty, strive all that they possibly can by streight-lacing themselves, to hero protagonist attain unto a wand-like smallnesse of Waste [sic]” (Bulwer, 1653:338-339).

Tightlacing in this era was not yet extreme, primarily because the technology was too crude for in office, it to be. Protagonist? As a supporting material, whalebone was weaker than its successors, and susceptible to breakage; therefore, stays were not quite form-fitting and left more space for the expansion of the diaphragm. But industrialization in the 19th century altered this balance, and corsets became both less comfortable and more effective. Metal eyelets, patented in 1825, made it possible to allan of the lace them more tightly. Cording and light boning in protagonist the 1830s made them stiffer and easier to shape (Riordan, 2004:177). Steam-molding after 1869 allowed corset-makers to the united of versailles generate standardized, ideal figures (189). At the hero same time, the onward march of mass-production empowered middle-class women to rotation take part in corseting as never before (180). Suddenly, corsets and hero protagonist their complements—farthingales, panniers, crinolines, and bustles—were everywhere, cinching the waist, flattening the stomach, plumping the breasts, augmenting the hips, exaggerating the rear, or otherwise molding the rotation typically soft, sedentary body of the middle- or upper-class young woman into an impossibly curvaceous living doll. From childhood, these girls were quite literally shaped by the demands of hero protagonist beauty, trained like young saplings in the steel cages of cultural expectations. And by the turn of the training definition 20th century, corsets had become so common that “physicians began to believe women came that way” (Hatfield and protagonist Sprecher, 1986:231).

Of course, when it became possible for poe the fall of the house of usher, ordinary women to purchase corsets that only the wealthiest could once afford, what used to pass for extraordinary would no longer do. Hero? Standards would have to rise, and they did: at the height of the corseting craze, the most fashionable women reportedly had their lower five ribs removed (231). (It is important to uk note that scholars continue to disagree on whether or not women removed their ribs. Steele most recently questioned the bases for this information; however, it remains part of conventional wisdom about the era.) While even the women of the time acknowledged that the “healthy average waist” was not less than 26 inches ( The Family Herald , 1848), most women restricted themselves to 23 or 25 inches, and the social queens of the protagonist time boasted of 18-inch waists or even smaller (Steele, 2001:88). Technology made the impossible ordinary, and, unchecked, the human tendency for excess took over. Corsets had the power to harness the wildest fantasies of the Essay on Gaden of Ophelia: Hamlet imagination, and were taken up by hero tightlacing fetishists seeking waists of seven- teen, sixteen, or even fifteen inches. Even ordinary women often reduced their waists far beyond the 0.7-to-1 ideal (92). It is on Gaden of Ophelia: not that the health dangers of corsets were not known at the time—far from it. A vibrant literature of criticism—primarily authored, much to latter-day feminists’ chagrin, by men—flourished alongside the thriving corset industry. Under the penname Luke Limner, illustrator and essayist John Leighton wrote the most famous of hero protagonist these critiques.

Madre Natura versus the Moloch of Building Good in the Workplace fashion blamed the corset for a litany of problems from reduced fertility to hero fainting fits, and the treaty portrayed the hero protagonist women who wore it as victims who had “escaped from death [and] to this day bear evidence … in the form of scars where the flesh has been seared, and contracted joints where the profit bones have been broken” (Leighton,1874:12). Understandably, these images horrify the modern reader. Corseting appears monstrous, perverse, inhuman. And yet it was a cherished and common practice until only a century ago. How could it have happened? T he emerging field of hero evolutionary psychology provides some answers.

If female physical beauty did evolve from male mating preferences, it can be understood as a set of signals for traits that correspond with reproductive success. Those traits include: fertility, or whether a woman is hormonally balanced and a fully developed female; health, or whether she is likely to carry her child to term and survive birth; nulliparity, or whether she has previously undergone pregnancy; and youth, or how long she has been ovulating past earliest child- bearing age. Edgar House Of Usher? For a male interested in spreading his genetic seed, the first two considerations seem intuitive. The last two are trickier. Not only would nulliparity and youth favor a woman’s direct reproductive success, measured in hero the likelihood that her fetus would survive (Fretts et al., 1995), they would have even greater importance to the prospective father: without previous offspring, his own would face less competition for its mother’s attention; like- wise, a younger mate could offer a monopoly on all childbearing years and therefore both security and abundance in Essay of Ophelia: reproductive opportunities. A vibrant psychological literature is predicated on hero protagonist exactly that assumption (Kenrick and Keefe 1992). Recent evidence shows that the signal theory of beauty holds especially well with respect to perceptions of the franchise uk female figure.

Indeed, while there is significant historic and cultural variation in perceptions of ideal body weight , the ideal body shape is consistent across cultures and time periods (Etcoff,1999:192). This shape is defined by the ratio of the waist to the hip: in men, it is about 0.9-to-1; in women, it is 0.7-to-1 (191). This is the “Golden ratio” that defines the great beauties of hero protagonist pop culture today: we see it in Audrey Hepburn and Marilyn Monroe; in Essay of Ophelia: Hamlet supermodels, Playboy bunnies, and Miss Americas. Despite substantial variation in height, weight, style, and audience, their waist-to-hip ratios all fall between 0.68 and hero protagonist 0.72 (193). And psychologist Devendra Singh has found that this ratio—not body weight—best predicted which figures people of all ages, genders, and races find attractive (Singh 1993:293-307). Crucially, the 0.7 waist-to-hip ratio manages to predict each of the four traits essential to why did the united rejected the treaty of versailles reproductive success. Hero? With respect to fertility and health, a 1993 British Medical Journal study found that fat distribution was more important than age or weight to a woman’s likelihood of conceiving by in vitro fertilization (Zaadstra, 1993:484-487). And with respect to youth and nulliparity, it is obvious from the phrase “girlish figure” that the wasp waist is a badge of adolescence: “ephemeral…disappear[ing] early in pregnancy and house of usher hard to regain” (Etcoff, 1999:191). At first glance, then, the protagonist logic of the waist-to-hip ratio seems to validate corseting entirely.

To an average woman of ratio 0.8 or 0.9, investing in a corset would be no different than, say, losing weight, or covering blemishes. The golden ratio would be a perfectly natural goal to strive for—a standard of edgar allan fall of the house of usher health and fertility as obvious as a target BMI or clear skin. B ut how natural are our ideals? Some seem convincingly so. For example, it makes perfect sense that men are attracted to large eyes and small chins, and that women are attracted to large brow ridges and chiseled bone structures (75). The former indicates low and the latter high levels of testosterone. Likewise, the nearly universal attraction in both sexes for protagonist, healthy muscle tone, clear skin, and symmetrical features has a clear basis in health and vitality. But the exaggerations embraced by allan poe the fall of the of usher breast enlargement surgery and competitive bodybuilding, as well as the caricatures we portray in manga and protagonist airbrushed photos, reflect an uneasy scientific fact: human sensors of beauty are not perfectly tuned to anatomical realities (26). Some ‘natural’ preferences may not be so natural after all. Indeed, this is precisely what thinkers of the why did states rejected of versailles third-wave feminist movement of the 1990s insisted.

They argued that beauty was not a biological fact at all. Hero? With Naomi Wolf’s blistering critique of franchise “the beauty myth” as its manifesto, that school declared that female beauty was solely a social construction perpetrated by men: a “myth…claim[ing] to be a celebration of women…[but] actually composed of emotional distance, politics, finance, and sexual repression. Hero? The beauty myth is not about women at all. It is about men’s institutions and institutional power” (Wolf, 1991:12-13). Wolf’s logic is compelling in light of the corset’s symbolic meaning for the women who relied on it.

Historians agree that part of the corset’s appeal was its connection to traditionally feminine qualities. Stays represented virtue, chastity, and good breeding (Hatfield and Sprecher, 1986:232), while “an unlaced waist was regarded as a vessel of sin” (Rudofsky, 1972:111): coarse, unrefined, and promiscuous. It is of Ophelia: impossible to hero protagonist imagine this symbolism with- out a patriarchal context in which female sexuality is suppressed and edgar allan poe the of usher controlled at hero the whims of men. And it takes little imagination to profit under- stand a sexual entrapment device, used almost entirely by women with social aspirations, as a manifestation of protagonist broader chauvinist control. Wolf saw this control as a fundamental pattern in franchise profit uk Victorian society. She blamed physicians in particular for teaching women that they had to be saved from their own vitality, sexuality, and physical freedom. Hero Protagonist? “The purpose of the Victorian cult of female invalidation was social control,” she writes (Wolf, 1991:224). And to some extent, texts from the time show that the “cult” was real:

It is why did the united of versailles true, the corset impairs the hero protagonist [naked] personal attractiveness of the wearer, but the loss suffered on that score is off- set by the gain in reputability which comes of why did states the treaty of versailles her visibly increased expensiveness and protagonist infirmity (Veblen, 1911: 172). Apparently, by Thornstein Veblen’s time, the beauty of the corseted waist was not wholly or even predominantly physical—quite the opposite. If women had once worn corsets to definition appear more beautiful, by the early 20th century they were doing so to be more beautiful—that is, the corset itself became a signal of reproductive success, symbolizing the things that beauty itself is supposed to represent. Corsets implied fertility (femininity), health (posture), youth (girlish fashions), and nulliparity (restraint). Protagonist? Moreover, since stays were expensive, small waists were also marks of status that suggested class, wealth, and good breeding—and evidence suggests that symbols of status are also seen as beautiful (Etcoff, 1999:46-48). Eventually, women may have corseted for the corset’s own sake; an undergarment once used to cheat age and why did the united the treaty of versailles genetic misfortune had become an inescapable social norm. A s accurate as Wolf is that corseting was at least in part a cultural construction, it would be a mistake to blame the phenomenon wholly upon men, as she does.

Valerie Steele notes in Corset: A Cultural History that it was “older women, not men, [who] were primarily responsible for enforcing sartorial norms…the cultural weight placed on propriety and respectability made it difficult for women to abandon the hero corset, even if they wanted to” (Steele, 2001:51). Wolf would likely reply that it was men who maintained control by the very fact that it was men who these women strove to rotation impress, whose perpetration of the beauty myth created such norms in the first place (Wolf, 1991:59). But that answer is problematic for hero, two reasons. First, it ignores a crucial complication: even feminists and female physicians at the time were conflicted about edgar allan fall of the of usher corseting, with many arguing that reasonable lacing was consistent with feminist ideals (Steele, 2001:59). Second, it tells us only the obvious—that women sought to impress men—and tells us nothing about hero protagonist why they employed corsetry in particular to reach that goal. For an answer to that question, we must return to the work done by evolutionary psychologists, whose work indicated that the 0.7-to-1 waist-to-hip ratio was a valid measurement of both beauty and reproductive success. States The Treaty Of Versailles? It is also through their work that we may reconcile the popularity of corseting with our modern intuition that it was dangerous, destructive, and fundamentally irrational.

They reveal that what seems obvious now—the ridiculous heights that corseting assumed—might have been less apparent after centuries of habituation to ever-shrinking standards of waist size. Psychological evidence suggests that humans are susceptible to hyperstimuli: we react more strongly to exaggerations of things that have proven through natural selection to be useful, because our perception of excess is not finely tuned. The power of hyperstimuli is most obvious when it comes to food. We love salty, sweet, fatty foods much more than a healthy diet requires; an understanding of hyperstimuli suggests that we do so because our bodies evolved in hero protagonist a time when things rich in salt, sugar, and in office fat were rare. For a hunter-gatherer facing starvation on hero a daily basis, the very idea of modern diseases like obesity and heart disease would have been patently absurd (Pinker, 1997:195). What is true about our tastes in industrial training definition food is hero protagonist also true of our tastes in each other: in experiments on facial attractiveness, researchers have discovered that both hyperfemininity in women (Perrett et al., 1998) and hypermasculinity in men (Thornhill and Building Teams Essay Gangestad, 2008) are preferred over average, healthy proportions; women invest in lip injections, and men in shoulder pads for that very reason. Hero Protagonist? (Facial attractiveness is a complicated subject, as researchers have found that women might prefer less-masculine faces when in edgar allan search of stable, long-term mates, but still prefer masculine features when ovulating. Randy Thornhill and Steven Gangestad argue that this strategy enables women to maximize their reproductive success in terms of both resources, through a faithful partner, and genotype, through a desirable but unfaithful mate.) Preferences for waist-hip ratios could have evolved in the same way: since wasp waists are naturally uncommon in women, the smallest waists were the most reproductively effective, and protagonist there would be no reason to edgar allan poe the evolve a precise sense of what was too narrow. Hero Protagonist? Equipped with only a general attraction to training definition small waists, then, people would be vulnerable to respond to hyperstimuli, which would only become more extreme as previously extraordinary waists became every- day. Hence the protagonist impossible .54 waist-hip ratios of Barbie dolls (Etcoff, 1999:194), and the conviction of Victorian women that only the tiniest waists were beautiful.

That is not to say that we have no awareness of the mcdonalds uk absurd—merely that is not so finely tuned. Few of hero protagonist us will eat spoonfuls of sugar, and even fewer will swallow pure lard; likewise, women eventually jolted to their senses at the sight of Neanderthal-like faces, and Victorian men often complained that extreme tight- lacers’ waists were grotesquely small (Steele, 2001:106). But we do willingly eat brownies and crme brulee—and our love of in office Big Macs and sodas is largely to blame for the modern obesity epidemic. Likewise, to the people of the corseted age, waists that were merely quite small —say, 22 inches in diameter instead of 18—were unquestionably “elegant and graceful”(107). Between their strong innate preference for the golden ratio and their weaker alarm system for the absurd, there could be no contest: in all but the most ridiculous cases, a smaller waist appeared more attractive.

Their psychological flaw—ours, too—left them vulnerable to the allure of the corset. And that flaw functions as the missing link in traditional feminist arguments dismissing the hero corset as a tool of female repression and allan poe the fall of the house patriarchal control. Beginning from the assumption that naturally small, uncorseted waists are already beautiful—an assumption the Victorians themselves shared (92-93)—it becomes possible to understand how corseting could have gone to extremes without appealing to radical pronouncements on male dominance or female irresponsibility. Women would not have under- stood—could not have understood—the logic of the waist-hip ratio, but they knew that small waists were beautiful, and it seemed that there was no limit to how tiny desirable waists could be. Protagonist? Why not strive for Essay on Gaden of Ophelia: Hamlet, ever-smaller ratios? Like large biceps among men, small waists would have gained cultural importance to Victorian women as symbols of hero protagonist social status because of their natural significance. Natural preferences provided an impetus; cultural symbolism followed. Industrial? And eventually corsets gained enough normative power to at least give the illusion of having entirely replaced the natural symbolism of the protagonist Golden ratio. B y the turn of the training definition 20th century, corseting had become a social institution. Hero Protagonist? Within twenty years, however, the practice had all but disappeared.

Its precipitous fall can be traced in the medical literature to the turbulent first decades of 1900s, when criticism of corseting grew ever more strident and mainstream. The British Medical Journal was typical of the medical community when it argued in a 1903 book review that “corsets should be abandoned, and women should not even be measured for rational clothing until some days after discarding them, so that the Building and Using Workplace figure should have had time to reapproached the normal” (BMJ, 1903:1003). But medical criticism had existed alongside the corset for protagonist, its entire history, and its surge is better understood as a symptom of the corset’s decline than as its cause. After all, it was self- styled medical experts who, declaring existing corsets unhealthy, created the “straight front, S-curve “health corsets” in the late 19th century that constricted women’s bodies far more painfully than “unhealthy” corsets ever had (Riordan, 2004:194). Simply put, previous corset abolitionists often had sexist and med- ically-inaccurate agendas of their own. Rotation In Office? And as Steele points out, many of the accusations levied against corsets—that they caused respiratory illness, tuberculosis, miscarriage, and deformity—were simply untrue (Steele, 2001). The corset did not fade away because it was unhealthy: we recognize that it was unhealthy because it has, by hero now, faded away.

Instead, the in office corset declined because its cultural-normative implications became untenable to women claiming social and political liberation—and because technological innovation gave them substitutes that served just as well. Protagonist? Its disappearance mirrored the rise—and fall—of bloomers, the advent of female suffrage, and the spread of now-incontrovertible ideas of female athleticism. Yet, none of these reasons would have been enough without a technological substitute for the corset. Feminists abandoned their stays, but they simply took up other means of maintaining enviable figures. Dieting, exercise, self-conscious posture (143)—these are certainly superior approaches for allan fall house, their reliance on healthy effort, not self-mutilation. Yet, many a 20th-century woman shrugged off her corset only to pull on a Lycra girdle (Riordan, 2004:201) or slide onto an operating table for liposuction. Protagonist? Indeed, the naturally overweight or otherwise imperfect woman has not seen her body image improve, but rather the opposite (Steele, 2001:65). With the shortcut of exterior stays stripped away, she finds herself facing an internal corset of eating disorders and plastic surgery. But what happens if or when even these shortcuts become socially unacceptable? Granted, the corset’s unnatural stranglehold upon women’s figures and men’s imaginations is hard to edgar poe the fall house of usher swallow. It was then what plastic surgery is now and what genetic treatments may one day become: proof, in protagonist Leighton’s words, of “the abject littleness and Good Teams pitiful fatuity with which, even in an assumed condition of high culture, the Human Mind will bow to the tyranny of an ideal, worshipped Despot of its own creation, even to hero protagonist the subjection of rotation body and soul” (Leighton, 1874:25).

But it was also liberating. For women with flawed bodies, a corset was a shield; for the overweight, it was the great equalizer that gave them an hero protagonist, advantage over smaller women without fat to mold (Steele, 2001:64). The corset trapped women into a spiral of edgar allan poe the fall of the house of usher ever-smaller waists and ever-rising standards. But the corset also had this promise: “Those who were not born to beauty could now purchase it” (Riordan, 2004:180). Hero? Without these technologies, another equalizer, another means of striving, will have been eliminated; the hierarchy of the beautiful will have been restored. T he corset serves as testament to rotation in office a truth that still holds today.

Women have always faced a devil’s bargain between two kinds of oppression: they may either be slaves to natural endowments, resigning themselves to their luck in the genetic lottery, or they may be slaves to choice, resigning themselves to the ceaseless pursuit of protagonist impossible objectives and constant competition with each other. Yet, “invention … changes what is possible” (Riordan 178), and the march of technological progress has made the second option both more tempting and more dangerous. Edgar Allan Poe The Of The? After all, “we are products of evolution and cannot change instincts…It may be difficult to change human nature, and easier to start by fooling her” (Etcoff, 1999:74). Today, some women do refuse to fool nature. A significant minority proudly reject makeup, and even more scorn surgery.

But commercials like Dove’s “Campaign for protagonist, Real Beauty” celebrate the same natural beauty that so many women are ashamed to edgar allan poe the house admit that they lack. They are left with a choice that is hardly a choice at all: to revere the arbitrary or chase the nonexistent. As with too many important problems, there is hero no right answer. Mcdonalds Franchise? As far as we—as a sex, as a society, as a species—are willing to tolerate ambition, obsession, and self- destruction, technology holds great promise as a way to free us from the hero vagaries of chance and edgar allan poe the house our natural limitations. Hero Protagonist? As far as we are not willing to accept that price, we must accept the arbitrary inequalities of the genetic lottery. Corseting represents a single example of franchise profit uk human ingenuity gone awry, but the same theme plays out in other technologies, other situations, and hero protagonist other goals. Beauty, intelligence, strength, humor, optimism, sociability: every quality worth having comes more easily to some than to others. Whether we choose to fight that tragic fact about our species will determine the narrow path future technologies navigate between the palpable and the unearthly, the and Using Good Teams Workplace Essay ordinary and the extraordinary, the appallingly callous and the heartbreakingly human. Bulwer, John. 1653.

The Artificial Changeling. London: William Hunt. Etcoff, Nancy. 1999. Survival of the Prettiest: The Science of Beauty . New York: Anchor Books. Fretts, R. C., J. Schmittdiel, F. H. McLean, R.H. Usher, and hero M. B. Goldman. 1995. Training? “Increased Maternal Age and the Risk of Fetal Death.” The New England Journal of Medicine . Hero Protagonist? Volume 333, Issue 15. 15 Oct 1995.

Boston: Massachusetts Medical Society. 953-957. The Family Herald . 1996. March 4, 1848:700. Qtd. in Farrar, Peter. Tight Lacing: A Bibliography of Articles and Letters Concerning Stays and Corsets for definition, Men and Women.

Liverpool: Karn Publications Garston. 6. Hatfield, Elaine, and Susan Sprecher. 1986. Mirror, Mirror: The Importance of Looks in Everyday Life . Albany: State University of hero New York Press. Kenrick, Douglas, and R. C. Keefe. 1992. “Age preferences in mates reflect sex differences in reproductive strategies.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences . Franchise Profit? Volume 15, Issue 1. March 1992.

New York: Cambridge University Press. Leighton, John. 1874. Madre natura versus the Moloch of fashion, a social essay, by Luke Limner . Fourth Edition. London: Chatto and Windus, Piccadilly. Montaigne, Michel de. 1575. Protagonist? Essays . Book 1, Chpt. 14. From The Complete Works of Montaigne . Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1948. “One hundred years ago: The hygienic reform of female clothing.” British Medial Journal . 1903.

Issue ii: 1003. Reprinted in British Medical Journal, Volume 327, Nov. 2003. Perrett, D. I., K. J. Lee, I. Penton-Voak, D. Rowland, S. Yoshikawa, D. M. Burt, S. P. Henzi, D. L. Castles, and S. Akamatsu. 1998. “Effects of sexual dimorphism on facial attractiveness.” Nature . Volume 394, Issue 6696. 27 August 1998. London: MacMillan Magazines Ltd. 884-887. Pinker, Stephen. 1997.

How the Mind Works . New York: W. W. Norton Co. Riordan, Teresa. 2004. Industrial Training? Inventing beauty: A history of the innovations that have made us beautiful . New York: Broadway Books. Rudofsy, B. 1972. The unfashionable human body. London: Ruper Hart-Davis. Singh, Devendra. 1993. “Adaptive significant of female physical attractiveness: Role of waist-to-hip ratio.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology . Volume 65. 293-307.

Steele, Valerie. 2001. Corset: A Cultural History . New Haven: Yale University Press. Thornhill, Randy, and hero Steven W. Gangestad. 2008 (in press). The Evolutionary Biology of Human Female Sexuality . Building Teams In The Workplace? Oxford University Press: New York, NY. Veblen, T. 1911. The theory of the leisure class.

An economic study of institutions . Protagonist? New York: MacMillan. Of The House? 172. Wolf, Naomi. 1991. Hero? The beauty myth: how images of beauty are used against women . Training? 1st Edition. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc.

Zaadstra, Boukje M., Jacob Seidell, Paul van Noord, Egbert te Velde, Dik Habbema, Baukje Vrieswijk, and Jan Karbaat. 1993. “Fat and female fecundity: Prospective study of effect of body fat distribution on conception rates.” British Medical Journal . Vol. 306, Issue 6876. Feb 1993: 484-48. Color-code the three-part structure of an introduction to a scholarly argument. Common Ways to Establish What’s at hero Stake. Hover over each for an explanation.

HarvardWrites is a joint venture of the Harvard College Writing Program, the Derek Bok Center for Teaching and Learning, and the departments and schools represented on on Gaden our site. The project was made possible through a generous grant from the Harvard Initiative for Learning and Teaching.

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a better world essay Share your teaching story or professional reflection. subscribe to journal. on Place, Service, and protagonist Sustainability. Los Angeles, California. The Social and Public Art. Becoming More Human, Building a Better World. What is it all about?

Why engage in service-learning and place-based education—if not to improve ourselves and to improve the world around us? This question—how do individuals fit within and contribute to broader community?—has been driving liberal education, community education, and philosophy for quite literally hundreds of why did the treaty of versailles, years. As many of the most interesting community development solutions and educational methodologies that exist today are profoundly place-based and culturally and temporally-specific, is there anything that unites us? The question presses harder as travel and communication become more affordable. We have the opportunity to engage in cooperative and community-based development efforts that span countries, civil societies, and citizenships. Locally, our cities and now towns are increasingly diverse. We may walk through several ways of being and knowing just on the way to the store. In our contemporary moment, conscious of the many harms done by hero universalizing logics and civilizing mandates throughout history, we must be able to imagine at least a tentative answer. We must be able to point, albeit loosely, the direction we’re headed. If we have not gotten better at a precise answer to how we improve ourselves and the world around us, we have certainly complicated the answer(s). We do not lack for passion in poe the of the house pursuit of the question.

In my role teaching and facilitating learning in university-community engagements in hero protagonist the US and around the world, I’ve seen the Building in the Essay, full range of tears, concerns, and fundamental life changes following from anger and outrage at our everyday, omnipresent injustices. A student named Andrea broke down in tears in a US shopping mall following her return from a service-learning experience in a Bolivian orphanage, where she everyday cared for babies whose lives would be fundamentally altered with just a fraction of the resources traded in hero that mall on a given day. A colleague named Maria left conventional study abroad—absolutely resigned from her staff position at Workplace Essay, a strong, established university—after her first experience with global service-learning. She saw how our conventional patterns of learning, exchange, and politics continuously perpetuated a world of hero, injustice. So she walked away. We don’t all need to walk away. We do all need to do our part. A community organizer who runs an all-encompassing human services agency up the street from my office shared it with me this way, “When we get new interns, I ask them if they’re interested in becoming more human.

If they’re interested in edgar allan fall of the house of usher growing as people, in better connecting as people, in being better people, then we can work with them – because they’ll develop relationships with people in our community. Hero? If they just want technical skills, they’re not for us.”. We do wish to become more human—or to be better citizens, or cosmopolitans, or global justice advocates, or, or, or… but our age is also marked by a ubiquitous uncertainty born of centuries of industrial training definition, good intentions gone awry. This essay is about acting in the context of that broad awareness. Hero? It’s about understanding the legacy of racism, sexism, colonialism, and hundreds of uk, years of other inequities and horrors, and nonetheless figuring out how – today – we can still manage to cooperate and continue building a better world together. That better world includes US communities as much as it does communities elsewhere; in fact that world will not be built until we can think of others as brothers and sisters first and as nationalities second. It will also not be built until people from positions of power and privilege can cooperate with their economically devastated neighbors five miles away as much as they may cooperate with international charities and global justice efforts. This generation IS acting to address injustice.

There is ample empirical evidence: young people seek out and engage in service-learning; increasing numbers of students are daring to protagonist explore untraditional study abroad destinations; young people have founded NGOs to work with refugees in Africa or internally displaced people in Colombia; it was young people who played a major role in getting funding to fight AIDS in Africa on the US agenda. We are pushing harder on global social issues than ever before. It is our responsibility to realize greater global justice. The United States Rejected Of Versailles? We can no longer pretend the protagonist, world ends at the shore. Nor, of course, can we pretend that injustice only begins at the shore. And yet we have so often organized our efforts through the exclusionary lenses of citizenship and faith. We are not merely citizens, we are not merely Christians. We are human.

Our efforts are making a broad difference. Mcdonalds Franchise Profit? Yet these efforts are hard to name precisely. That is both good and bad. Hero? It’s hard to raise money for training, a movement that refuses to fit into a bumper sticker. Hero? It’s also hard to raise an army. And that’s part of the reason this generation’s movement is itself deliberately pluralistic. It recognizes the long history of misguided attempts to promote the good. Yet continuing to build a better world binds us together. We explicitly recognize the great danger in supposing to edgar of the of usher solve others’ problems, in attempting to hero protagonist do justice, or simply in interacting with other cultures disrespectfully. That recognition and challenge requires that each person who works toward some sense of global community thinks about the impacts their actions have in travel, in service, and in their daily lived lives.

It requires listening to local voices and perspectives about their specific wishes in relation to visitors who desire good works. And it requires thorough thinking that attempts to consider the training definition, nearly incomprehensible series of effects that our actions can have in this world of unprecedented interconnectedness. Hero? In many ways these things are not new. People have always sought the world, have always explored. The Ancient Greek philosopher Diogenes declared, “I am a citizen of the world,” and sought with other cosmopolitans to discern ethical actions for a citizen conscious of what lay beyond the rotation, walls, conscious – to do this is still an intellectual problem and protagonist paradox for franchise uk, us today – of the unknown, unexplored, or misunderstood. Gandhi advocated for protagonist, a new social-economic-religious order based on the unity of allan poe the of the house of usher, humanity and the opportunity to be of service. Various traditions speak of right, wrong, fairness, and justice. Today we have the opportunity to see the overlap and differences among these paths. Hero Protagonist? And our communication technologies give us the knowledge that – by industrial training nearly any of the measures – justice would involve a radical departure from the world as we know it. This is hero protagonist our position, inspired by the human impulse to Essay of Ophelia: Hamlet connect and to serve, informed by protagonist our actions and testing our ethics in the context of a continuous and dizzying flow of information that at once liberates from stock thinking and plunges into uncertainty. Not one, two, three, or four ways of knowing but countless.

Aware of the unintended impacts of past efforts to improve societies—cultures undone by the insertion of Christianity, millions killed in the name of and Using Workplace, proletarian revolution, warfare and genocide perpetrated due to conjured ethnic identities and the employment of religious or national identity for enhanced senses of belonging – we still wish to build a better world. We know we must therefore do so humbly, through humble service and a humble approach to knowledge. This is where the impulse and hero action returns to us as ideas. Essay Hamlet? Ideas we may receive from and hero develop with others, share, reject and reformulate based on our core concern of valuing all human life equally, and living a life that reflects that equal value . This is the fundamental uniting concept—some call it global citizenship, others say it is simply becoming more human. And Using Good Teams In The? The duty is protagonist clear. We must continuously return to poe the fall of usher the question: Do our actions, efforts, and outlooks reflect concern for each human being’s individual dignity? This is protagonist powerful and persuasive on edgar house of usher its own – or so it should be, but many people are inspired to access and to live through this reality based on their understanding of Buddhism, Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Islam, and many other less popular understandings of the divine, the unknowable. It is that serious.

It is about how we understand the miracles around us, the complexity of the world, the human experience and purpose. For many, a secular reconciliation of hero, races will never ring as truly or strongly as Martin Luther King’s vision of the peaceable kingdom he shared the the united states of versailles, night before his assassination, “mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord!”. But we do not know if King’s Peaceable Kingdom is truer than Pope Benedict’s understanding of hero protagonist, Love, nor whether we must understand Abraham in the context of Christian, Islamic, or Jewish teachings. We know only that many teachings have understood the supremacy of Love. In villages around the world, without phones and without human rights traditions as articulated by the United Nations, human life matters.

And even our best secular articulations of the need for justice, fairness, equity, and basic rights can’t get started without an initial assumption of the worth of human life. We therefore may hold to this as a fundamental truth, while we embrace the humility that allows us to value and appreciate the many different – sometimes the strangeness astounds even the most culturally sensitive—paths to achieving this final outcome: valuing human life, helping more than hurting. That is how we become more human. That is Essay on Gaden how we build a better world. Hero Protagonist? This humility means not only that we must be willing and able to distance ourselves from our cultural backgrounds and assumptions about edgar allan fall ways of being and knowing, but also that we must recognize the need to be profoundly humble in terms of our ability to even know. Gustavo Esteva and Madhu Suri Prakash (1997) have warned us of the inherent folly in ‘global thinking.’ There is arrogance, they argue, in pretending to God-like powers of cognition and analysis in hero ostensible service of a global society, the contours of which we are fundamentally incapable of truly comprehending. They position themselves with Gandhi, Illich, Wendell Berry (1992) and others in arguing for the wisdom of thinking little.

Small and sustainable is still the experience of a large portion of the communities and economies in the world. To live locally without harming others through distant economic transactions or creating excessive pollutants may be a more ethical global citizenship than has been exhibited in the past by the architects of “great changes for the better.” Belgium colonists’ efforts to civilize Hutus and Tutsis, Maoist reforms, the and Using Workplace, effects of Manifest Destiny on Native Americans, and various versions of hero protagonist, conversion at Building Teams in the Workplace Essay, the end of a gun are among the most widely known disasters of doing good, but many effects are much more subtle. People in the Sacred Valley of Peru are currently battling non-native and invasive eucalyptus trees that the Peace Corps planted in the 1960s. Throughout the development era, many developing countries have become net importers of food (Escobar 1994); their citizens are less able to protagonist choose to Essay Hamlet live local, sustainable lifestyles. Doing good gone bad is protagonist not merely a phenomenon in industrial training definition developing countries; nearly every major US city has a strong example of hero, a neighborhood or set of neighborhoods marginalized and destroyed due to on Gaden Hamlet reckless, top-down urban planning (Jacobs 1961). Change has costs and benefits. Humility means being very (extraordinarily!) careful. And this is hero our position, to be conscious of industrial training, these objections, warnings, and protagonist concerns, to be aware of different ways of being and knowing, and to choose the most ethical path we can, based upon what lies behind us and before us, based not only on what is but also on what is still possible. Building And Using Teams In The Workplace Essay? Because for all the folly and error – make no mistake implicit in hero those terms is edgar poe the fall of the house of usher death and destruction—there has been substantial beauty and realization of possibility. Life expectancies have risen, more people have access to education, and more people have the opportunity to determine the direction of hero protagonist, their own lives. Yet so many people—in the US and all over the world—still live short lives without breadth of opportunity.

That is it. We must realize the potential and possibility, the interrelated and overlapping ethical streams, the value of different ways of being and knowing, the profound skepticism we should give our own efforts, and Building and Using in the Workplace the chance to bring people together peaceably, equitably, respectfully. To do so would revolutionize our current experience. The possibility is better felt and understood than painted precisely. Richard Falk (2002) writes of global citizen pilgrims working toward an as-yet-unimagined tomorrow. Our efforts must be rooted in the reality we have, but visionary in terms of imagining then creating a better tomorrow that more robustly recognizes all people equally. We are on the way. Different people will serve different ways. As engineers developing sustainable buildings, as editors allowing pluralistic voices, as revolutionaries and pragmatists, as business people developing and succeeding with fair trade products, as teachers making sure peace, justice, and hero protagonist diverse cultures are part of the curriculum, as writers, philosophers, poets, and small, local, sustainable farmers, as people who value their children and the united families and care to live in ethical communities.

We will work toward it. Hero Protagonist? We will address specific problems. We will end global poverty. We will reconsider poverty. We will stop calling healthy sustainable farmers poor just because they live differently than many of Essay on Gaden Hamlet, us. Hero? We will recognize human flourishing in its many forms. We will be skeptical, but we will work and hope in service of the poe the of the, central ethic that all of our sisters and brothers must be recognized as such and valued equally. Hero? We will continue this work, creating, allowing, and in the Workplace engaging possibilities. Hero? We will make our own best efforts to help realize the rhythm recognized by mcdonalds uk the great Northern Irish poet Seamus Heaney: But then, once in a lifetime. The longed-for tidal wave.

Of justice can rise up, And hope and history rhyme. Berry, W. Hero Protagonist? 1992. Sex, Economy, Freedom, and edgar poe the fall of usher Community. Hero Protagonist? New York: Pantheon Books. Escobar, A. 1994. Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third. Mcdonalds Uk? World. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Esteva, G. and Prakash, M.S. 1997.

From Global Thinking to Local Thinking. In. Protagonist? Rahnema, M. and industrial Bawtree, V. eds. The Post-Development Reader . New York: Zed Books. Falk, R. 2002. “An Emergent Matrix of Citizenship: Complex, Uneven, and Fluid” in Dowers, N. and Williams, J. Global Citizenship: A Critical Introduction. Hero? New York: Routledge. Jacobs, J. 1961. The Death and Life of Great American Cities. New York: Random House. copyright 1995-2018, Community Works Institute (CWI) All rights reserved.

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Descriptive Essay View From My Window Essays and Research Papers. Compare-Contrast Essay Eng121: English Composition I (AXC13480) Regina McKinney Professor: Nancy Segovia January 1, 2014 A . narrative essay is about storytelling for a narrative story to work it must capture and hold the hero protagonist, audience attention you must give a clear understanding of your story. A descriptive essay lets you describe in franchise profit detail what the essay is all about protagonist using words that appeal to your sense of smell, hearing, see, touch, and taste. A descriptive essay lets you use words that. Essay , Maya Angelou , Narrative 1226 Words | 4 Pages.

?English 101: Portfolio _______- __________________ Essay Cover Sheet Instructor Student Identification Prefix Number Please . type or print. What was the writing assignment? (Use your teacher’s words or attach the assignment.) Assignment- Descriptive Essay The idea here is to find a place that has a function then decide whether or not it serves its purpose. The main idea should center on how well the place works relative to franchise profit uk its intended function. The description must be. Essay , Essays , Garden 731 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive essay Shyla Hassett Everyone has a place where they go to escape all the protagonist, pressures and worries of life? . ? . There is and Using in the Workplace Essay, always that one spot that can soothe all your problems and troubles in times of stress. Hero? For some? ,? the woods? ,? the beach? ,? or the park is the place to go? . ? For me? ,? it’s simpler.

I go to my bedroom to industrial cure all my problems? . As I walk in I can feel the soft? ,? smooth carpet beneath my feet. I see freshly painted lavender walls with white trimming?. 2004 albums , Color , Debut albums 323 Words | 2 Pages. Eric Zapata Descriptive Essay Prof. Carolyn Robinson 10/2/2012 Every Friday after school with the boys, we . would pick up our Dyno bikes and ride four blocks down to protagonist Tony’s pizzeria. If I had to think about it, Tony’s pizzeria is was and still is to this day an important part of why did rejected of versailles, my life. Since I have moved to Brentwood, Tony’s pizza was the one and hero only place I would order pizza from . There wasn’t any other pizzeria that could top Tony’s. I remember the first day going to. Calzone , Campania , Italian cuisine 885 Words | 3 Pages. 9/17/2012 Assignment: Essay #2 - Descriptive Relaxation Destination Everybody has that one place.

A place that they . run to Essay Hamlet in times of joy, stress, and sorrow. For some people it's a social setting, but for others, and protagonist myself included, it's a place to get away from rotation, others. Hero Protagonist? A place where I can unwind, relax and have time to mcdonalds uk myself, even though at times some friends or family would tag along. The place I'm talking about is my cottage back in Canada. Three hours north of my house in protagonist Brampton. Dock , Dune buggy , Hiking 840 Words | 3 Pages. Begench Atayev J.D. Miller Descriptive Paper Draft2 January 31, 2013 On a Monday afternoon, after discussing . Industrial Training? my computer science project with my professor, I find myself seated in a visitor’s chair in his office on the second floor of the Glatfelter Hall. The professor is protagonist, about to leave the mcdonalds franchise profit, room to grab some books and a cup of coffee, but he allows me to stay. (Seeing myself as a professor in the future, I enjoy hanging out in my professor’s office.) I am facing. Black hair , Chair , Coffee preparation 987 Words | 3 Pages.

How to Write a Descriptive Essay More than many other types of essays , descriptive . essays strive to create a deeply involved and vivid experience for the reader. Great descriptive essays achieve this affect not through facts and statistics but by hero protagonist, using detailed observations and descriptions. What do you want to describe? As you get started on your descriptive essay , it's important for you to in the Essay identify exactly what you want to describe. Often, a descriptive essay will focus on portraying one of.

Adjective , Creative writing , Essay 2299 Words | 7 Pages. Narrative Essay Vs. Descriptive Essay. Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative Essays Are a Great . Hero? Read Narrative essays and Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in nature. Why Did States Rejected The Treaty Of Versailles? The narrative essay “I Want a Wife” is more compelling than the descriptive essay “Homeless” because the hero, narrative essay has a point of view , uses humor and satire, and uses tone and language that can draw the reader in. “Narration is mcdonalds franchise, storytelling from the perspective of a.

Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1604 Words | 7 Pages. ? Descriptive Essays vs. Narrative Essays Many people have different preferences on what type of writing style . they think is more superior to another, I believe descriptive writing to hero be more excellent writing style then narrative. I can tell you that there are a few similarities and states rejected of versailles a few differences between the two. I prefer Descriptive essays , rather than narrative essays . In my belief, it's that the descriptive essays are more effective when an author is trying to convey a story or get a. Essay , Fiction , Narrative 1153 Words | 4 Pages. Chante Francisco Descriptive Essay - My Grandparent’s House My most favorite . place has always been my grandparent’s house. Hero Protagonist? This is the place I would have to go to before and rotation in office after school. I have always loved my grandparent’s house because it made me feel safe and warm.

There was a smell of hero, coffee in the air at all times. It seemed like all my grandmother did was make coffee. If I smell coffee, I instantly think of my grandparent’s house. My grandparent’s house . Collard greens , English-language films , Family 522 Words | 3 Pages. College Writing 2 October 2012 Descriptive Essay A compact two-door car might not mean a lot to Good Teams in the Workplace someone, but to me, working . and improving my car is my favorite thing to protagonist do. Essay Hamlet? When I am not inside my house or hanging out with my friends, you’ll be sure to find me working or cleaning my car. For most people, leaving their car stock is passable for their needs, but to protagonist me it’s not. My car is modified which makes it one of a kind. My car consists of mcdonalds franchise, its exterior, interior, and performance level.

Automobile , Color , Headlamp 2139 Words | 5 Pages. ?“A view from the bridge” Controlled Assessment Introduction 1. Hero? All great tragedies – main character tragic flaw – Eddie, in . Essay Of Ophelia: Hamlet? play we are studying is “obsessive need to protagonist control Catherine (niece) 2. In The Workplace Essay? In “a view from the bridge” – main character – Eddie – is tragic hero 3. A tragic hero – character in work of fiction – who commits action or mistake – leads to hero downfall/defeat 4. Eddie – character we study, tragic hero because – inability to let go of Catherine – leads to betraying his family. Antihero , Character , Control 1270 Words | 5 Pages. How to profit Write a Descriptive Essay More than many other types of essays , descriptive . essays strive to hero protagonist create a deeply involved and vivid experience for the reader. Great descriptive essays achieve this affect not through facts and statistics but by using detailed observations and descriptions. What do you want to describe?

As you get started on mcdonalds franchise profit uk your descriptive essay , it's important for you to identify exactly what you want to describe. Often, a descriptive essay will focus on portraying one of. Essay , Odor , Sun 988 Words | 3 Pages. A View From The Bridge Essay A View From The Bridge is a play in hero protagonist which many different . relationships are explored. I will be looking at how Arthur Miller presents each relationship and how this has an effect on the play as a whole. The main relationship explored within this paly, is that of Eddie and Catherine. They are the focal point of the play. Essay? It becomes clear that Eddie harbours feelings for his niece very quickly. He has to suppress these emotions because he feels guilty for having such feelings.

1374 Words | 3 Pages. My first Car Enc1101 March 11, 2012 Descriptive essay My first car was my first . most prized possession. I’d named her, tested her out on interstates, and hero took good care of and Using Teams in the Essay, her like she was one of hero, my children. She had mirror tinted windows and was deep ocean blue that gleamed in the summer sun, she was flawless. Edgar Allan Fall? I will never forget my first out of town drive to Tallahassee- smoothest, fastest ride ever! Had it not been for the scenery I would’ve felt like I was driving in a race.

I remember. Automobile , English-language films , Mother 1134 Words | 3 Pages. ? (Miller 67)Throughout a view from the hero, bridge by Arthur Miller, Eddie Carbone is a self rich us controlling character that . The United States The Treaty? pushed away the hero protagonist, people that loved him; he did this by changing throughout the play from a family man to a raging lunatic. His emotions and actions slowly changed from training, a father figure to a young woman named Catherine (after her mother died), to a jealous emotional train wreck of a human being. His downfall is attributed to the arrival of Rodolpho, and protagonist Eddies own feelings. A View from the on Gaden Hamlet, Bridge , Emotion , Jealousy 1138 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay As I walked through the cold, lonely streets of Aberdeen, I decided to take a shortcut home. Making a sharp . right, I was headed down an hero alleyway, which was dark and why did sinister. Mist was slowly rising upward from the ground, which appeared yellowish from the reflection of one sole, dim, flickering light, almost at hero protagonist, the point of burning out.

The only and Using Good Teams sounds of the night came from my own feet dragging over many pebbles and stone on the cement. Hero? The breeze was very bitter and piercing. Cosmo Kramer , This Old Man 1151 Words | 3 Pages. Essay Examples Four types of essays exist including: narration, description, exposition, and Good in the argument. Each type has a unique . purpose: some tell a story, some are descriptive and others prevent viewpoints.

One of the best ways to better understand each type of essay is to review examples. Types of Essays Narrative Narration is telling a story from a certain viewpoint, and there is hero protagonist, usually a reason for the telling. All narrative essays will have characters, setting, climax, and most importantly. Essay , Essays , Exposition 1903 Words | 6 Pages. 1. Mcdonalds Profit Uk? Descriptive essay writing An essay is a written composition of moderate length . Hero? exploring a particular issue or subject. Mcdonalds? Descriptive essays , derived from the word describe, is a genre of essay that asks the student to describe something—object, person, place, experience, emotion, situation, etc. Writers use the descriptive essay to create a vivid picture of hero protagonist, a person, place, or thing. Unlike a narrative essay , which reveals meaning through a personal story, the. Emotion , Essay , Meaning of life 794 Words | 3 Pages.

English 1301 Week 4 The Narrative Essay My First Flight The seasons are approaching in franchise profit which families gather to hero . celebrate Thanksgiving and Christmas. This time of year does not carry the same feelings for me as they did when I was young. Why Did The United States Rejected? I am a military spouse and my husband has been away for most of our holidays. One peculiar Christmas I received the opportunity to spend the protagonist, holiday with him this was my first flight experience. Industrial Definition? The morning of my flight, I got up at 2 o’clock, said a prayer. Anxiety , Flight , Plane 1310 Words | 3 Pages.

?Fred Cotten Descriptive Essay September 27, 2014 English 1010 - 85 A Mini Vacation to protagonist Atlanta, Georgia Traveling is one . of my family’s favorite things to do. The family has visited numerous places throughout the United States, however, none are as memorable as Atlanta, Georgia. In Atlanta, there are many places to the united states rejected of versailles go and sights to see such as: Cola-cola factory, Cabbage Patch Kids Factory, Under Ground Mall, the Zoo, Atlanta Braves Stadium, Six Flags Over Georgia, Stone Mountain Park, and. 1996 Summer Olympics , Atlanta , Atlanta metropolitan area 788 Words | 3 Pages. ?How to Write a Descriptive Essay Descriptive essays are often subjective tasks. The first issue at . hand is to make sure you know what type of hero protagonist, paper you are writing. Industrial Training Definition? The descriptive essay is often creative, personal, or simply artistic. Discuss the hero protagonist, assignment with your professor or teacher before you begin. Even though your descriptive essay is more personal than a standard five-paragraph or compare-contrast essay , there is still quite a bit of homework to be done. Here is a list of training, important rules.

Emotion , Essay , Essays 1406 Words | 5 Pages. ? My name Professor name English 115 date Essay 1 Do You Want to hero protagonist Build a Snowman? Is incredible all that a piece of paper . can reflect about someone life, these pieces of paper illustrated by characters or passages can be meaningful for us, all the memories this brought to people minds, those wonderful papers are called pictures. Essay On Gaden Of Ophelia:? When we thought of pictures we just take those for protagonist granted. Building Good Teams? The images shown in protagonist pictures tell us more than one thing at once, it depends on in office everyone perceptions about.

2008 albums , Debut albums , English-language films 935 Words | 3 Pages. Sheffield Assignment: Write a Descriptive Essay describing a storm you have witnessed. Protagonist? The storm I witnessed was . Hurricane Sandy. When I first heard of the hurricane I thought it wouldn't be as bad as some people were prediciting, but as the storm approached I certainly changed my mind. As we sat in the house it became very real how bad the storm was going to be. It was scary to hear the wind howling; blowing the trees around, hearing branches falling and the windows rattling. Franchise Profit Uk? Hurricane Sandy left.

Academy Award for hero protagonist Best Supporting Actor , Denzel Washington , Paterson, New Jersey 971 Words | 3 Pages. Writing Handout E-7: Descriptive Essay Structuring a Descriptive Essay A . descriptive essay simply describes something or someone by appealing to the reader’s senses: sight, sound, touch, smell and taste. Here are the basic steps to writing an Building and Using Good in the effective descriptive essay : 1. Select a subject Observation is the hero, key to writing a good description. For example, if you are writing about a place, go there and rejected the treaty take notes on the sights, sounds, and protagonist smells. A descriptive essay paints a picture for mcdonalds franchise profit uk the. Essay , Figure of speech , Grammatical tense 1171 Words | 4 Pages. From Idea to hero protagonist Essay notes Chapter 1 “The Writing Process” Pgs. 3-12 Expository writing * Type of in office, writing that explains, . discusses, describes, analyzes, and argues the bulk of everyday tasks that you’ll most likely be called upon to do in your career. * Includes every kind of hero protagonist, workaday job, ranging from memos and descriptions to evaluations summaries and industrial formal proposals. Hero? * Mostly pragmatic and unglamorous. The AIM of good writing * CLARITY * Ways to fall of the of usher achieve clarity: repeated. Creative writing , Essay , Rhetoric 1508 Words | 5 Pages.

Descriptive Essay As my sister’s wedding drew near, given that I was her maid of honor, it became apparent to . me that it was my job to take all of the ladies in hero protagonist the wedding party to industrial the salon on the day of the hero, wedding. This was fine with me, except that I hadn’t worn makeup or done my hair for years. After much convincing from the bride, I decided to get my makeup done with them, and regretted that decision every second after it was made. The day approached all too soon. I was blown back. Cosmetics , English-language films , I Decided 917 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay : Connor Donnelly 090-177 Essay #2 People are always talking about being in allan poe the fall of the house those . situations where time slows down to hero protagonist the point where a few seconds feels like a few minutes, well I didn’t exactly think that is what actually happened. Until a dreary, calm, dull spring afternoon in Briargate (located in Northern Colorado Springs), about a week after my fourteenth birthday, I decided that I was going to go down to this plentifully lush creek next to a well travelled bridge. While. Ballpoint pen , Foot , Fuck 1024 Words | 3 Pages. Sililarities and Differences betwen Narrative and rotation in office Descriptive Essay.

Similarities and Differences between Narratives and Descriptive Essays TRACY GARRETT ENG 121 English Composition 1 Amanda . Hero? Price April 22, 2014 Similarities and Differences between Narratives and Descriptive Essays Every story is an individual which means you cannot always make a choice on a generalization of descriptive and the united states the treaty of versailles narrative stories. Narratives give you a straight to the point feeling while the descriptive give you a more vivid detailed visual. The similarities. First-person narrative , Narrative , Narrative mode 893 Words | 5 Pages. age consume alcohol because they are not allowed to, which makes them want it more. If the drinking age was be lowered, drinking alcohol would be less . appealing because it is no longer a forbidden fruit. Again, according to the professor, research from the early 1980s to hero protagonist the present has shown a continuous decrease in mcdonalds franchise profit uk drinking and driving-related variables, and hero also university students, decrease in per capita consumption. However, these declines started in 1980, before the national 1987 law which. Alcohol , Alcohol abuse , Alcohol law 1622 Words | 5 Pages.

Descriptive Essay A Horrid Memory My sweaty palms ran through-out the thin strands of my . hair as I tried to comfort myself for just a single moment. In Office? I felt scared, almost terrified as the screams of my nightmare echoed in my ears and made my head throb. Almost never did I have such vivid dreams, and when I did, I never remembered them the next day. Nevertheless, I don't think that I'll ever be able to make amends with my darkest memories and reliving situations that scarred my childhood. Laughter 865 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay My nose is overwhelmed with the hero protagonist, smell of hairspray, baby powder, and poe the fall of the house of usher a fruity perfume. There . are too many girls in here, all struggling and fighting for a space near the mirror that covers the entire back wall. It’s dim in here, but it’s a good kind of dim, almost calming.

The only light is coming from the round vanity bulbs that line the top of the mirrors, making it so that the fluorescents don’t impair what natural light reveals. I make my way to the red lockers on the right. Cosmetics , Hair iron , Hairstyle 1441 Words | 4 Pages. ? MY HOLY WEEK CELEBRATION During April we celebrated the Holy week. Hero? It is when Jesus Christ was crucified and allan poe the fall of the house died under Poncioplilate and rose . again after three days.

Hundreds of people belong to the church to get to the great unwashed, they prayed and thanked Jesus for saving the world from sins and temptation. There are many devoted and believe the power of hero, Jesus Christ. Perhaps processions are also held with prayers too. In that respect are different saints, showing up. From this day, probably. Beach , Holiday , Holy Week 960 Words | 2 Pages. Steps * 1 Consider what other things were happening around you. Are there any specific details that stand out in your mind? Things like: * . Of Ophelia:? The determination of a person suddenly dashing out to rescue someone from being hit by a car. Protagonist? * The beauty of mcdonalds profit, a leaf falling against a sky lit up by a rainbow after a sun shower. * The cry of protagonist, a baby wanting her mother to Hamlet come and pick her up. * * 2 Think about objects located in relation to where you were.

Things. Emotion , Essay , Feeling 910 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay Hearts were racing, twelve to be exact, lungs were being constricted tighter and tighter with every second . that went by, joints were being pushed to protagonist their limits as their limbs stretched the farthest they could reach, and yet these twelve people were still able to ignore their injuries. All they revealed was happiness. There was no pain to be seen. No acknowledgement of misery because they all knew they only on Gaden of Ophelia: Hamlet had those two minutes and thirty seconds to hero give it their all. Any sense.

Pain , Split 1157 Words | 3 Pages. Jennifer Schacht ENG-090 2/10/2011 Descriptive Essay Final We have been waiting nine long months, and we have had much . preparation to do before the arrival of our daughter. Rotation In Office? Of all the things we have prepared for hero protagonist her, I am most proud of her room, my mother and I painted it and sat it up with all the accessories together. I sat on the floor and taped off the stripes to be painted, and my mom painted. It was a great team effort, and we are so happy how it turned out. With flowers and butterflies. 2007 singles , Caesarean section , English-language films 2924 Words | 6 Pages. spending time with family and friends, and the local vendors.

The water at Essay, Dunn’s River Falls was crystal clear, fresh, and mesmerizing; it was an . enchanting event on every visit. Hero Protagonist? The cascading water roared down the layered steps. The water emerged from the caves and flowed down the why did the treaty of versailles, six hundred feet layer of light sandy brown steps. Nature created an adventure as we climbed up the slippery slope. Most of us were attired in swimming gear, which included a special non-slippery shoe that was supplied.

Culture of Jamaica , Curry , Jamaica 905 Words | 3 Pages. A Descriptive Essay Anticipation grows consistent with every step I take along the gritty concrete labyrinth. Beneath a . blazing sun, the protagonist, smell of baked asphalt, sugary cola, and pretzel surround me. Edgar Allan Fall? I follow the hero, unpainted, gray chain fence that leads me forward. Overhead the deafening whirl of metal and in office screams briefly fill the hot air. Hero Protagonist? The consistent drone of greasy motors and hissing pneumatics engage my curiosity.

My heart rushes like a child on states rejected Christmas morning about to receive a favorite. Mind 1016 Words | 3 Pages. | Descriptive Essay | Rough draft | | Gatewood, Jasmine | 10/12/2012 | Myself: Person Hello kitty . collection thing Homemade spaghetti food Downtown Dallas place Jasmine Gatewood English 0331.2 Ms. Fischel 10/12/12 Description Essay Downtown Dallas home of the dart and the drug dealers on protagonist every corner, my friends and Building Good Teams I used to visit regularly to hero protagonist have a nice chipotle dinner. When you are hear you cannot help but, visit the many food places, and cultural. Dallas , Dallas Area Rapid Transit , Dallas – Fort Worth Metroplex 1433 Words | 4 Pages. Hydroplane racing is the most amazing feeling in rotation in office the world if you like the feeling of speed and the roaring sound of an engine behind you. My . family is huge into racing and hydroplane boats are just one of hero, them. Just stepping on to the rotation in office, smooth, glossy, deck of protagonist, a freshly painted boat on a hot summer day sends shivers down my spine.

There isn’t a better picture in Building and Using Good in the Workplace Essay my mind then a summer trip going to hero a boat race in a different state. The excitement of knowing you’re going to get out of the why did states, state, with. American films , Boat racing , Debut albums 1069 Words | 3 Pages. ?Name Professor Course Name and protagonist Number Date Descriptive Essay One of tha problems with growing older is losing tha wonder and . fascination of tha world that children see. With tha everyday drudgery of mcdonalds franchise, life, it gets harder and harder to see tha world with tha child like perspective that we all once did. This is hero, tha reason that having children has been so exciting because I can once again regain tha opportunity to see tha world through thair innocent, creative eyes. Thare are few places where tha. Disney Vacation Club , Epcot , Magic Kingdom 1533 Words | 6 Pages. 101-33 Descriptive Essay A Park By The Memory Lane As I was growing up I had the fortune to travel different countries and industrial training being . away from the home country for educational purposes since 2010, I also got to experience a lots of different cultures, environment and protagonist places.

It’s really confusing for me if someone asks me to describe the most pleasant place in my list out of all these places I have ever been. After giving it much thought I finally made my decision. The most pleasant place in my diary. Bangladesh , Brahmaputra River , Right-wing politics 1110 Words | 3 Pages. feels like fine needles pricking at my eyeballs. Edgar Poe The House Of Usher? I blink them a couple more times before hitting the snooze button on protagonist my loud . Of Versailles? horn shrieking alarm clock. As I lay my head back down to get just ten more minutes, a fuzzy feeling tickles my stomach. The excitement of me going home today to see my family races through my head, along with that, the slight twinge of a headache from the hero, lack of sleep counteracts that feeling. I’m tired from packing at fall, the last minute. My bed feels so warm and welcoming. It.

Aircrew , Feeling , Flight attendant 1110 Words | 3 Pages. Childhood Memories Can Be Positive Reinforcement My favorite childhood place was at my grandparent’s house. Hero Protagonist? My . And Using Good In The Essay? grandparent’s last name was Mountain. Their property had the hero protagonist, nick name, “The Mountain House,” I remember wonderful memories of spending time there with my family; eating grandma’s famous potato salad, tasting grandpa’s fabulous barbeque ribs, and most of all eating those wonderful Mountain family cherries. Mcdonalds Profit? The sounds and hero protagonist smells are truly alive in my memory. These memories are incredibly real for. Cherry , Cousin , Family 1103 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay 1) Definition: Descriptive essay is one of the allan fall of the of usher, many types of writing styles . that provides a detailed description for protagonist a particular person, place, memory, experience or object.

Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. It focuses on the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and taste. 2) Example: Spring Everyone has a comfortable place to escape to for relaxation. Mcdonalds Franchise? They go there when they need to protagonist be. Hearing , Odor , Olfaction 1017 Words | 4 Pages. As I stood, gazing at the dilapidated house, I shivered as though ice had replaced my spinal fluid. The cold air enveloped my . entire body. Even the multiple layers of clothing could not protect me against the deathly cold. The walkway leading up to the house was cracked, withered weeds and old dandelions protruding out of the cement. States? Dead roses, once full of color and hero protagonist life, had previously grown wildly in thick batches by the gate. Essay Hamlet? The moonlight cast a ghoulish glow on protagonist the house.

Decaying vines formed. Bathtub , Death , House of Lords 1029 Words | 3 Pages. 099 7248795 Descriptive Essay Grandmother, the inspiration of industrial training definition, my life I still remember every picture and . actions of protagonist, my grandmother, a woman who loves me and sacrifices for the united states the treaty of versailles me and my father most. My father grew up in the north of Vietnam, and my mom and my family in hero protagonist the south of training definition, Vietnam. Hero? For the disadvantages of long distance, I could not visit my grandmother and grandfather regularly.

Fortunately, in Tet Holiday in Vietnam when I was 7 years old, my parents took me to edgar allan house visit my grandmother. A Big Family , Family , Grandparent 964 Words | 4 Pages. willing to do anything for it? When you think through something you just might end up making a huge mistake. Protagonist? The huge mistake might be something like . stealing from others.

This could lead to cheating people that you love the Essay of Ophelia:, most. There are many life lessons to protagonist be learned as you grow up and the most important one is to training definition never steal and protagonist cheat. Training Definition? My twin sister and I loved to go camping. The sweet summer breeze blowing the hero protagonist, aroma of rotation, burning wood, the sound of the tree rustling in the air, and even the hero protagonist, taste. 971 Words | 3 Pages. ? Descriptive Essay Draft Throughout our lives we meet many people. We impact others by our own actions every day. On Gaden Hamlet? Sometimes . Protagonist? we impact them without even realizing it. Profit Uk? And people will impact our lives and hero protagonist our hearts forever. You may just have a simple conversation with a stranger on edgar poe the house of usher a bus, and before you know it, both individuals have a changed perspective on hero protagonist something. Training? Or perhaps you’ve known the person your whole life and they have impacted you just as much or even more.

These influential people. 2008 albums , 2008 singles , Conversation 964 Words | 3 Pages. White English 101 16 September 2013 Descriptive Essay The beach is one of the most beautiful places in the world. Before . visiting, I had only been to hero the four states, which is the stringy grassy fields, the forest of trees, the smelly white and black cows and pink curly tailed pigs. See I had never seen any other states but Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, and mcdonalds uk Arkansas. I love the picture in my head but it was nice to finally see something different. When my boyfriend, his little brother, and I. 1996 albums , 2005 singles , Akira Kurosawa 1256 Words | 4 Pages. Lynne Goldsmith Descriptive Essay October 23, 2014 Let Me Tell Ya ‘Bout My Best Friend Saige Mackenzie Polk, a . five foot girl with ten feet of protagonist, attitude and sass.

The girl that everyone knows and watches in awe as she struts down the hallways. She’s the girl that succeeds with flying colors at rotation in office, everything she attempts, and never has a thought of giving up until she feels it is good enough for not only herself, but every other person around. Everything about Saige is protagonist, spectacular from mcdonalds franchise, her contagious. 2005 singles , 2006 albums , Friendship 976 Words | 4 Pages. The First and hero protagonist the Last Visit To Cedar Crest Drive There is a full moon. Industrial Definition? It is pitch black and raining outside. As I lookdown the protagonist, street . I can see the fog setting only feet away from and Using Good Essay, me.

It is on this evening when my curiosity gets the hero protagonist, best of me. Essay Of Ophelia:? I want to protagonist know why my mother never allowed me to house go down Cedar Crest Drive. I've heard many stories about a haunted house down there. The stories, however, have varied. I heard somebody had been gruesomely murdered in there. I also. Andrew Wood , Coming out , Door 1038 Words | 3 Pages. Critical analysis of Jane Goodall's essay Gombe Critical analysis of Jane Goodall's essay Gombe If only we could, however briefly, see the world through the eyes of a chimpanzee, what a . lot we should learn (Goodall 110).

With this quote, Jane summarizes her love for primates and it's from this sentence, written towards the end of the hero protagonist, essay , that the uk, reader can understand the authentic devotion that Jane has put into hero protagonist, her studies. Industrial? Jane Goodall, indeed, spent most of hero protagonist, her life studying the habitat and unique social structure of on Gaden, chimpanzees since. Ape , Chimpanzee , Gombe Stream National Park 827 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay - My Private Hideaway. Doing a Prewrite for a full essay . In short: Use the prompt your given to create enough topic sentences that, when proven, answer the . entire prompt. If it’s a difficult prompt, you can create these topic sentences from the evidence (quotes) you first find in protagonist the book that you will use to prove your points. On Gaden Of Ophelia: Hamlet? Your thesis is protagonist, then the summary of the in the Workplace Essay, topic sentences you came up with. It should be as specific as possible, while still summarizing the totality of what your topic sentences claim. Essay , Law , Question 378 Words | 3 Pages.

The term stabbed me in hero the back is a recognized vernacular for someone who was betrayed. Well in of versailles my case I was stabbed in the chest. I knew . how my cousin Ann could be and somehow I was still shocked that she would hurt me how she did. She was my best friend from the hero, time I was eight to that dreadful night she nearly had herself killed. It is during this time that she changed from the person I knew; the industrial, outspoken, rebellious, fearless woman that lived life to the fullest and took no prisoners. Debut albums , English-language films , Make You Feel My Love 1285 Words | 4 Pages.

Ivory Koehn 9/10/2010 Descriptive Essay Under The Raised Hand Prologue When I was a young girl learning about life and . love, I always thought that some man would sweep me off my feet and it was my fate to hero protagonist be with him and only him. My mother was not a big fan of love and edgar poe the fall fate. She didn’t have a very good history of guys and relationships. She would always tell us love was not a reality and we should find someone with a lot of money. My mother is a strong feminist woman and I tried as hard. 2008 singles , English-language films , High school 2045 Words | 5 Pages.

There are few moments in a person’s life in which they can take a step back from their conscious minds and realize a change in “direction” or . change of “purpose” within their paths. Most of life seems like a continuous flow of a journey, an ever speeding ride that starts and hero finishes as the sun’s journey through our day light. We are, when you get down to the core of in office, it, simply a combination of our past experiences and memories. But some of us, few and hero protagonist far between, have experienced a brief moment. 2006 albums , Classroom , Mind 1495 Words | 4 Pages. Cynthia Morris – Descriptive Essay There is a quote that says: Mothers are angels who teach their children how to fly. . Indeed my mother was an fall of usher angel who in my younger years I thought was sent here to hero protagonist torture me especially when I wanted to hang out with my friends instead of why did the united states rejected the treaty of versailles, doing chores or homework. My mother was the pillar of strength, love, and compassion. Mothers may be misunderstood but that doesn’t mean they don’t care or know better. My earliest memories of my mother, was her pretty. Anxiety , Family , Father 861 Words | 3 Pages.

Compare and Contrast Essay: Narrative and protagonist Descriptive Essays. and Contrast Essay Name Institutional Affiliation Introduction Academicians argue that, a powerful reader paints a picture on why did rejected the treaty of versailles a . Protagonist? reader’s mind. Writing effective different types of essays is increasingly becoming a critical organ of academic success (Feng Checkett, 2014, p. 152). Essay Hamlet? There are two major types of essays , narrative and descriptive . While the hero protagonist, two might be appropriate in allan fall academic writing, one is arguably effective that the hero protagonist, other. Narrative essays tells a story from personal experiences. Essay , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , Maya Angelou 1036 Words | 6 Pages. “the Communication of rotation, Window Displays” Selfridges. “The Communication of Window displays” Selfridges BA (HONS) Fashion Management - ISHE Henry Gordon Selfridge was famous for hero lighting up . store windows at night and his art of displays. Edgar Poe The Of The? He opened up the largest store in the world and his own retail empire in 1903.

Soon, H.G. Selfridge amp; Co sold out and he retired a rich man. In 1909, Selfridge’s focused on advertising and hero protagonist publicity. This led to air shows and on Gaden of Ophelia: exciting ideas such as the Theatre of Retail. In this essay , I will use primary research.

Christmas , Christmas tree , Department store 2461 Words | 7 Pages.

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Getting the Most Out of protagonist, Fluency Homework. Timed, repeated readings with feedback are one of the best ways to the united rejected improve students’ reading fluency. Repeated reading is just what it sounds like–the student is rereading the same passage multiple times. Hero Protagonist. The number of why did the united states, times depends on the situation, but 3-4 times is a good average. The student is timed reading aloud for 1 minute. Hero. The teacher notes each mistake (it’s helpful if the Building Good Workplace teacher has her own copy of the text for this reason) and counts the total words read in 1 minute. The errors are subtracted from that total leaving the hero protagonist score how many words correct per minute (WCPM).

So if Jenny read 83 words in a minute and made 6 mistakes, her total would be 77 WCPM. (83-6=77) At this point, you can ask the reader to states rejected give a retelling or answer questions about the text. Then the hero protagonist teacher gives the student specific feedback about his/her reading or comprehension. It might be a fluency skill (reading to the punctuation before pausing), it might be a rate skill (try and get 5 more words correct per minute), or it can be related to comprehension (find out on Gaden of Ophelia: Hamlet, why the character’s feelings change). Feedback gives students a goal to work toward during subsequent readings, so the additional practice is purposeful and not mindless drill. The student rereads the hero protagonist text. It could be right in that same moment or it could be a day or two later.

The rereading and rating/feedback process continues until the student has reached his/her goal (a specific level of accuracy, rate, understanding, etc.) or until the student has read the text 5 or 6 times. At that point, the student has gotten everything he/she can out of of Ophelia: Hamlet, that text and it’s more beneficial to move to a different passage. Hot vs. Cold Reads. There’s some debate about whether the student’s first reading of the passage should be done silently without timing so that with the first timed reading they have some background understanding of the text (hot read) or whether you should hand them a paper and tell them to start (cold read). For the purposes of assessment, a cold reading might be helpful. Protagonist. That way you get a clear idea of a student’s real words-per-minute skills. For the purposes of practice, in my opinion, the first reading should be hot. If I’m going to track WCPM for multiple readings, I want the process to training be similar on all the reads.

For the second, third, and fourth readings, the student is already familiar with the text. To be able to compare all the hero protagonist scores, I want the first reading to have the same advantages. Don’t make the mistake of replacing your reading instruction with fluency practice. Students grow in why did the united rejected the treaty of versailles, fluency as they learn the skills of successful readers. Repeated readings are a means to accelerate that process, but they are not enough to drive it. Keep teaching reading! Don’t make the mistake of hero, focusing solely on rate. Industrial. Fluency is more than speed, and protagonist, reading is more than fluency. Students need to know that. Keep the importance of fluency in perspective and make sure that students aren’t always working toward rate goals.

Help them develop expression, phrasing, and accuracy as well. In Office. Don’t make the protagonist mistake of expecting all students to have the the united the treaty same rate. Adults read at different rates and children do too. Protagonist. When you look at charts of suggested words per Building and Using Teams Essay, minute, a successful student only needs to be at the 50th percentile to be on-target. It is unrealistic to expect all students to hero be at the 75th or 90th percentile. Acknowledge that there’s a wide-band of of Ophelia: Hamlet, “normal” rates. (This post from Reading Rockets breaks down grade level rate goals.) D on’t make the protagonist mistake of forgetting comprehension. The reason we want to increase fluency is to aid comprehension. Make sure your students recognize that they’re supposed to be thinking about what they’re reading and not just racing through it to get a higher score.

Reading fluency doesn’t improve if students are practicing with difficult passages. Fluency passages must be on and Using Teams Workplace, a student’s independent level (not their instructional level). Once you know students’ levels, you can collect passages for them to work with. In this post, we outline the hallmarks of a quality reading passage. What you do with the passages depends on what works best in your class. Hero Protagonist. Some teachers assign partners and train them time each other and and Using in the Workplace Essay, provide feedback (this is hero, more successful with older students). Some teachers have parent helpers or aides work with the students. Some teachers do timed readings as part of individual reading conferences.

Some teachers have students read along with audio recordings. Find what works for you! For my class, what worked best was assigning repeated readings as homework. I send each student home with a passage on Monday. Most of my kids get the same passage, but I differentiate for my highest and lowest readers. (You can differentiate for each individual reader if you have the time/patience!) Students read the same text for 4 days.

For the lower reading levels (A-D, kindergarten and part of 1st grade) students color a box after each complete reading. It’s not appropriate to allan poe the time them at protagonist this stage in their development. Starting on Level E, they’re timed reading for 1 minute and parents find their WCPM. The reading passage is on the front. The daily assignments are copied on the back. Because we want to connect fluency with greater comprehension , from Building and Using Good Workplace, levels E and up students have a specific comprehension focus each day (levels A-D focus on sight words).

In a format that models close reading, the questions get progressively complex. The key to making this assignment effective is to provide parent support . Parents need to protagonist know how to give feedback. Each week’s assignment has tips for how parents can make the most of the homework. Hamlet. Some of it is general information on how to do the assignment or why reading fluency is hero, important. Some of the tips are related to that week’s particular story. For example, how to read dialogue or how to in office give a character a unique voice.

Like the questions, the tips are related to hero protagonist the text. Organization tip: make a stack of copies ahead of time for each level and store them in file folders. When it’s time to send home practice, use a check list to states rejected quickly pull fluency pages from your files. In the protagonist post about leveled passages (find it here), I wrote about how to find quality texts for reading. I set out 5 guidelines for recognizing quality: It’s leveled It’s brief It uses sight words It covers a variety of genres It fosters deeper comprehension. These are the why did the united states rejected the treaty of versailles guidelines we used when creating our fluency passages. Is it leveled? It is leveled according to protagonist Guided Reading level. You will find the leveling in formation in the top corner.

Estimated DRA and Lexile details are also included. What does Level A look like? • designed to and Using Good Teams Workplace help develop concepts of print. • short, predictable sentences. • illustrations that support meaning. • simple narratives and familiar themes. What does Level B look like? • short, predictable sentences. • repetitive stories with familiar themes. • illustrations that closely match print. • text in a large, plain font.

What does Level C look like? • predictable text with longer sentences, but still on a single line. • illustrations that match print, but offer less support. • greater range of hero, high frequency words. What does Level D look like? • increasing number of lines of text per page. • some words in bold for emphasis. • word-solving strategies may be required to understand meaning. What does Level E look like? • more complex stories with subtler meanings.

• sentences that carry over to states rejected of versailles multiple lines. • simple and split dialogue. • large number of high-frequency words. What does Level F look like? • stories with greater development of plot and character. • non-fiction texts are focus on a single idea. • illustrations that support text, but don’t carry all the meaning. • greater range of vocabulary. What does Level G look like? • more complex stories and ideas.

• wider variety of settings, characters, and vocabulary. • includes plurals, possessives, and contractions. What does Level H look like? • stories that run longer than 100 words. • humorous situations and a wider variety of themes. • dialogue that adds to the drama. • a variety of words used to assign dialogue to readers (explained, told, etc.)

• many words with inflectional endings. • complex illustrations and text features. What does Level I look like? • several sentences longer than 10 words. • prepositional phrases, adjectives, and clauses. • abstract themes supported by the text and illustrations. • stories that require inference.

Levels J+ are still under construction. Is it brief? All the stories in these passages fit on a single page. For lower levels, it uses a large type with plenty of space between lines. Does it use sight words? In the protagonist early levels (A-D) students are introduced to a sight word that is used repeatedly in the passage.

They also practice the mcdonalds profit word in hero protagonist, multiple ways over why did rejected of versailles the course of a week. Hero Protagonist. From level E and rotation in office, up, the hero protagonist focus is less on high-frequency words and more on edgar allan poe the fall of the house of usher, comprehension. However, the text is full of sight words and no more than one vocabulary word is introduced per passage. Character names are short and decodable. There are no difficult proper nouns or dates in the transitional level passages (E-K). Does it introduce a variety of genres? Starting at Level E, the texts alternate between fiction and nonfiction. The concepts in the fiction and protagonist, nonfiction passages are related. Starting in Level G, all the stories in a set (4 weeks of passages) are related.

Genres include: realistic fiction, simple fantasy (talking animals), how-to texts, fables, informational…as we add more advanced levels the range of genres will grow. Building And Using Good In The. Does it foster comprehension? For every reading, students are given a comprehension focus as a purpose for hero protagonist, reading. They then read the text and use that focus to answer the allan poe the of the day’s questions. After the first read, students are asked questions about general understandings and details. On day two, they’re focusing on the author’s craft, vocabulary, comparing and contrasting–deeper thinking skills. Protagonist. By day three, they’re asked to infer a character’s feelings based on his actions or analyze how text features help the reader gain more information.

The end of the week has students do something with their new understanding. Of The House. Maybe they’re asked to support an opinion or maybe they’re asked to clarify information about a topic. The questions for each week depend on that week’s text– no two assignments have the same questions . I worked hard to ensure that the passages were of hero, a quality that make them worth rereading. Instead of writing “All About Polar Bears,” I took an aspect of polar bears–where they live–and connected it to a larger idea: why they can’t meet penguins. Instead of a passage about what ocean animals eat, I wrote about the relationship between giant blue whales and tiny krill and then asked students to connect that theme to the fable of The Lion and the Mouse. Illustrating has pushed me to mcdonalds the edge of my meager drawing abilities. Protagonist. I have had to draw so many random things: a panda’s jaw line, bread holes, a grasshopper egg pod, a salamander with a worm…But it was important to me that the stories have illustrations.

We teach beginning readers to use picture cues, so there needed to be picture cues available. Illustrations support understanding. As readers advance, they learn how pictures can teach and clarify information. I worked really hard to make sure our illustrations did that. We include maps, diagrams, cutaways, captions, and labels. The passages grow increasingly complex so that as students advance, the pictures become less important to comprehending the passage and the text carries more of that weight. Writing these fluency passages is one of the Building and Using in the Workplace hardest things I’ve ever done!!

And I still have half of 2nd and all of 3rd to go… We have 36 weeks of kindergarten homework available. That includes: 8 weeks of protagonist, Letter Name Fluency practice, 4 weeks of Letter Sound Fluency practice, 4 weeks of Segmenting Blending practice (this is perfect for students working on edgar allan fall, Nonsense Word Fluency), and hero, 16 weeks of Essay, Leveled Reading Passages (Level A-D). The A-D passages in hero, Kindergarten are different than those in why did states, First. Protagonist. While there is why did states, some overlap of levels in hero protagonist, each pack, all passages and practice pages are unique.

Click here to download a sampler of Kindergarten Fluency Homework. First Grade has another 36 weeks of practice: 4 weeks each of levels A-I. Edgar Poe The Fall House Of Usher. The A-D passages are different than those in Kindergarten. The E-I levels are different than those in Second. While there is some overlap of levels in each pack, all passages and hero protagonist, practice pages are unique. Click here to Essay on Gaden of Ophelia: download a sampler of First Grade Fluency Homework. Second Grade has another 36 weeks of practice (this image says coming soon but it is now complete!): 4 weeks each of hero, levels E-M. Of Ophelia: Hamlet. The E-I levels in second are different than those in First.

While there is protagonist, some overlap of levels in on Gaden, each pack, all passages and practice pages are unique. Click here to download a sampler of hero protagonist, Second Grade Fluency Homework. Third Grade will grow to another 36 weeks of practice: 4 weeks each of levels J-M, 8 weeks of Levels N and of Ophelia:, O, and 4 weeks of Level P. The J-M passages in third grade bundle are different than those in the second grade bundle. While there is some overlap of levels in each pack, all passages and hero protagonist, practice pages are unique. Whether or not you use our fluency resources, we hope that this post has provided you with some insight on how repeated readings are helpful and how to implement them with your students. Word Play Phonics Chunk Spelling.

Get one week of Essay on Gaden, comprehensive phonics spelling instruction and resources FREE for both 1st grade and hero protagonist, 2nd grade. Success! Now check your email to confirm your subscription. Thank you for such a thoughtful and helpful post! I’ve used your second grade fluency passages for the past two years and love them! They’ve been the perfect tool for giving my kiddos that extra boost at home and have helped me educate my parents on the importance of reading fluently. I’ve seen tremendous growth in profit uk, my students’ fluency and I credit that to hero not only my work with them at school but to focusing attention on reading fluency at and Using Essay home and getting my parents on board. I’m really excited to start using the protagonist leveled passages you mention in your post and for my really high readers I’m crossing my fingers that you’ll make a set for mcdonalds profit, 3rd grade! Thank you, thank you, thank you for all your hard work! It has been tremendously effective and beneficial to my students! I really want to focus on fluency this year.

I have purchased your second grade fluency homework. About how much time do you think it would take to complete each night? I’m trying to stay within the 20 minutes. I’ve always assigned 10 minutes of reading which they logged. So I’m thinking do I use the fluency homework in place of hero protagonist, that or add it? I also give a math page as a follow up to the lesson we did that day and some spelling. If students are working on an independent level, the Essay on Gaden of Ophelia: fluency should take 5 minutes or less. I always assigned our half-sheet homework and hero, fluency every day Monday-Thursday.

That was 10 minutes or less of training, homework. I also assigned 20 minutes of hero, reading, but didn’t count that in the homework minutes because they should be doing that any way. I bought the allan poe the fall of the of usher second grade fluency and I love it! It’s such high quality work here. I give these out as weekly homework and I have noticed a huge improvement in the students fluency. I also love the hero protagonist parent tips. PLEASE make the third grade ones soon!

I have lots of kids that need it this year. Mcdonalds Franchise. My daughter’s second grade teacher uses these and I absolutely love them! You are amazing. Thanks for the wonderful resources. I promise we’re working as hard as we we can, but writing high-quality passages is hero protagonist, a very slow process.

We are Heidi and Emily. States The Treaty Of Versailles. Sisters. Heidi Emily are both former 2nd grade teachers and current preschool teachers with a combined 17 years experience.